Problems with Eggs and Their Effects on Pregnancy

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Problems with Eggs and Their Effects on Pregnancy
Problems with Eggs and Their Effects on Pregnancy

A he althy egg can speed up the process of pregnancy. Therefore, the quality must always be maintained. If not, the egg may have problems so that you and your partner will have a hard time getting a baby

Egg cells or ova are reproductive cells in women. Together with sperm, these cells play an important role in the process of fertilization and the formation of the fetus. In a woman's body, an egg is released from the ovary in the fertile period or when the woman is ovulating.

Problems with Eggs and Their Effects on Pregnancy - Alodokter

A he althy egg cell consists of several layers, namely:

  • The outer layer (zona pellucida) functions as a protection for the egg cell
  • The cytoplasm acts as a nutrient for the egg cell
  • The nucleus or the nucleus of the cell functions as a carrier of genetic material to form the fetus

If the he alth of the reproductive system is not maintained, the quality of the egg can decrease and this will have an impact on fertility problems and disruption of the pregnancy process. There are many things that can put women at higher risk for fertility problems or difficulty conceiving, such as older age.

Problems with Eggs and Their Effects on Pregnancy

There are several problems with the egg that can affect pregnancy, including:

1. Egg cell damage

Normally, during pregnancy, the fertilized egg will attach to the uterine wall. When entering the gestational age of about 6 weeks, the embryo has started to grow and develop in the uterus.

This may not happen if there is damage to the egg. The uterus will continue to grow without the fetus in it. This condition is called an empty pregnancy or blighted ovum.

This type of pregnancy usually has signs similar to normal pregnancy, such as breast tenderness, nausea, vomiting, no periods, and a positive pregnancy test.

However, without the presence of a fetus, the growth of the placenta will not be maximal and will eventually stop. At this time, pregnancy hormone levels will drop drastically and cause signs of miscarriage, such as bloody discharge or heavy bleeding from the vagina and abdominal cramps.

Miscarriage in pregnancy without an embryo can't be prevented, but that doesn't mean that damage to the egg prevents a woman from getting pregnant at all. Women who experience this condition may not experience it again and manage to get pregnant later in life.

Even so, if there are repeated miscarriages, you should do further examination to the obstetrician to find out the real cause.

2. Congenital genetic problems

Genetic mutations are gene changes that occur in the mother's egg cell or the father's sperm cell. At the time of fertilization, the egg and sperm cells will fuse and form a fetus in the womb.

A mutation in one of the genes in an egg or sperm cell causes the fetus that is formed in the womb to have a disorder or disability. This condition is known as an inherited genetic mutation because it is passed on to the next generation.

Genetic mutations can cause several diseases, including cancers in newborn babies, such as retinoblastoma tumor or Wilms tumor.

3. Abnormalities in egg development

Until now, the cause of molar pregnancy or molar pregnancy has not been determined. However, abnormalities in the egg are thought to affect the occurrence of this pregnancy.

Egg cells and sperm cells contain chromosomes that carry DNA from mother and father. When the two cells unite in the fertilization process, the egg and sperm cells will contribute half of the total DNA for the baby to be born.

If there is an abnormality in the number of chromosomes during this process, either more or less, a molar pregnancy or a molar pregnancy will occur.

In addition, this disorder can also cause problems in the formation of fetal sex or gametogenesis.

Based on the type, molar pregnancies can be grouped into two, namely:

  • Partial molar pregnancy, occurs when the fetus is formed but cannot grow and develop properly into a baby.
  • Complete molar pregnancy, occurs when there are abnormal cells that form in the uterus and there is no development or formation of the fetus at all.

In case of a grape pregnancy, a sign that often occurs is bleeding or reddish-brown discharge from the vagina at 8-14 weeks of gestation.

Molar pregnancy often has no symptoms or signs. This abnormality in pregnancy is usually only detected when performing an ultrasound of pregnancy at 8-14 weeks of gestation.

Mole pregnancies that are successfully detected will mostly lead to miscarriage, so doctors need to remove the tissue inside the uterus with a curettage procedure to prevent further complications.

The egg cell is an important part of the reproductive process. Abnormalities that occur in the egg can cause various conditions that hinder the pregnancy process.

If you experience symptoms that are thought to be related to a problem with your egg or if you and your partner are having trouble conceiving a baby after a long period of unprotected sex, consult a doctor for further examination.

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