Know 5 Conditions That Cause Blind Eyes

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Know 5 Conditions That Cause Blind Eyes
Know 5 Conditions That Cause Blind Eyes

Blind eye is a condition when a person is unable to see at all. This condition can be caused by a variety of things, from injuries to conditions that result in loss of vision.

Eye blindness can occur in one eye (partial blindness) or both (complete blindness). For some conditions, blindness can be prevented by detecting the cause early and undergoing appropriate treatment.

Know 5 Conditions That Cause Blind Eyes - Alodokter

Therefore, it is important to understand the various conditions that can cause blindness as a form of prevention from possible vision loss.

Various Diseases That Cause Blind Eyes

Blind eyes can occur suddenly or slowly with age. The following are some conditions that can cause blindness:

1. Cataract

Cataract is a disease when the lens of the eye turns cloudy or cloudy, so that vision becomes unclear. This condition can be caused by the aging process, injury, inflammation, or certain diseases such as diabetes. If left untreated, cataracts can lead to blindness.

Until now, it is not known exactly how to prevent cataracts. However, you can prevent this disease from developing by avoiding exposure to ultraviolet light and quitting smoking.

Cataracts that are not too severe can be treated by using glasses prescribed by a doctor. The doctor will also prescribe medication if you suffer from a chronic disease that causes cataracts.

If the visual impairment has worsened to the point where it interferes with daily activities, cataract surgery will be the main treatment option for the doctor.

2. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition when the optic nerve is damaged due to increased pressure in the eyeball. This condition is characterized by red eyes, eye pain, blurred vision, and nausea and vomiting.

The damage to the nerves of the eye is getting worse and can cause blindness in just a few years. In order to prevent eye blindness, it is necessary to do treatment to reduce eye pressure, either by administering eye drops, oral medication, laser surgery, or microsurgery.

3. Diabetic Retinopathy

Chronic or chronic diabetes, especially those that are not controlled, can lead to a complication called diabetic retinopathy.

This happens because blood sugar levels are too high and over time can trigger blockage of small blood vessels leading to the retina of the eye. As a result, the retina cannot receive the nutrients it needs to maintain vision.

Diabetic retinopathy generally has no symptoms or only mild visual complaints. However, this condition can cause blindness.

To treat diabetic retinopathy, doctors can suggest laser surgery. Doctors may also recommend a vitrectomy, which is surgery to remove blood clots or scar tissue from the center of the eye.

4. Keratitis

Keratitis is inflammation of the cornea of ​​the eye caused by eye injury, bacterial or viral infection, improper use of contact lenses, or vitamin A deficiency.

Symptoms of keratitis can include red and watery eyes, blurred vision, itchy eyes and a burning sensation, and sensitivity to light. If not treated immediately, keratitis can increase the risk of blindness.

5. Trachoma

Trachoma is a bacterial infection of Chlamydia trachomatis that can cause permanent blindness. This bacterial infection can be transmitted through fluids from the eyes and nose, or using items used by the sufferer, such as handkerchiefs, towels, and clothes.

Symptoms of trachoma can include eye irritation, discharge of pus or discharge from the eye, decreased visual acuity, sensitivity to light, and itchy eyes.

To prevent blind eye due to some of the conditions above, you can maintain eye he alth by adopting a he althy lifestyle, such as consuming fruit and vegetables, avoiding smoking, washing hands before using contact lenses, and not spending too much time in front of your eyes. computer screen.

To prevent blindness, it is recommended that you regularly check your eye condition to the doctor at least once a year. An eye examination is also important to detect early on the possibility of a disease that can cause blindness, so that appropriate treatment can be carried out.

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