Table of contents:
- Hair Transplant Procedure and Preparation
- Healing Period after Hair Transplant Surgery
- Hair Transplant Side Effects
Hair transplant or hair graft can be a solution to baldness caused by many things. This procedure is able to restore strands of hair on the scalp that is experiencing thinning hair or starting to bald
Baldness can be caused by various things, but genetics and age are the main factors that trigger this condition. The reason is, increasing age can make hair growth slow down and make hair follicles stop producing hair.
To treat baldness, there are many things you can do and one of them is to undergo a hair transplant or hair graft.
Hair Transplant Procedure and Preparation
Hair transplantation is done by moving hair follicles from a scalp that has active growth to another area of the scalp that is experiencing baldness or thinning hair.
This procedure is generally performed by surgeons. Following is the hair transplant procedure:
1. Clean the scalp
Before the hair transplant is done, the surgeon will clean the scalp first. At this stage, the hair on the scalp with he althy follicles will first be shaved and cleaned.
2. Injecting anesthetic into the scalp
After the scalp is clean, an anesthetic will be injected into the scalp where it will be removed to be used as a graft material. The scalp will be lifted and set aside, then the area will be closed again by means of stitches.
Scars can appear, but they are usually not visible because they are covered by other hairs.
3. Divide the graft area into several parts
Furthermore, the surgeon will divide the strip of scalp that will be implanted on the head into 500–2000 sections, with each section having several strands of hair.
The amount depends on the type, quality, hair color and size of the scalp to be transplanted.
4. Hair grafting onto a bald scalp
After the hair graft is ready, the surgeon will again clean and prepare the location of the hair to be implanted. The doctor will make holes according to the number of grafts made with a scalpel or needle, then hair grafts will be slowly implanted in these holes.
The length of the hair transplant operation depends on how much hair is grafted. However, it usually takes about 4–8 hours.
Before a hair transplant or graft is performed, the surgeon will examine the cause of baldness, see the pattern of baldness in the hair, recommend a number of laboratory tests, and provide taboos so that the transplant process runs smoothly.
The abstinence can be in the form of advice to stop smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages for at least 3 days before surgery, stop taking certain vitamins or supplements for 2 weeks before surgery, and cut hair before surgery time.
Healing Period after Hair Transplant Surgery
After the procedure, the scalp will feel so soft that it must be wrapped with gauze for 1 or 2 days. Patients will also be given painkillers, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory drugs to be consumed or used for several days.
Most patients can return to work 2–5 days after surgery. Within 2–3 weeks after surgery, the hair in the area where the new follicle was implanted will fall out and new hair will grow about 6 months later.
For optimal hair growth, the doctor will also prescribe the drug minoxidil. However, more research is still needed to show the effectiveness of the drug after hair transplantation.
Hair Transplant Side Effects
Like any surgical procedure, hair transplantation also comes with risks and side effects, such as bleeding, scarring, and abnormal new hair growth.
Some people even experience folliculitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the hair follicles when new hair starts to grow. These side effects are mild and can be cured with antibiotics.
In order to minimize the risk and increase the success of hair transplantation in treating baldness, the procedure should be performed when the patient is in good he alth.
If you still have questions about hair transplantation or hair grafting, including the benefits and risks of this procedure, don't hesitate to consult a doctor.
If you are interested in undergoing a hair transplant, also ask about the cost of the procedure and after-care. This needs to be considered because hair transplant procedures generally require a lot of money.