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Some people think sleep disturbances are common. In fact, the effects of sleep disturbances can be very detrimental to the he alth of the body. If not addressed, sleep disturbances over time can increase the risk of various serious diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, and stroke
Ideally, adults need 7–9 hours of sleep every night to keep the body fit and in shape. However, in people who experience sleep disorders, hours of sleep can be excessive or even less. This sleep disorder can take many forms, such as insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, or restless legs syndrome (RLS).
Sleep disorders can be caused by many things, such as psychological conditions due to severe stress, depression, or anxiety disorders, as well as physical conditions, such as asthma, allergies, or colds.
The lack of quality sleep or hours of sleep will cause you to wake up feeling tired and often sleepy during the day. Not only that, you will also be more at risk of developing various diseases.
Various Effects of Sleep Disorders
Sleep disturbances that occur only occasionally will generally not have much impact on he alth. However, you should be careful if this condition occurs repeatedly and prolonged.
Here are some he alth problems that can put you at greater risk due to sleep disorders:
When you get enough sleep, your body will produce enough collagen and repair damaged skin cells and tissues.
On the other hand, if you are sleep deprived continuously, your skin can be more at risk of experiencing aging which is characterized by the appearance of wrinkles or wrinkles on the face, dull, and dry skin.
Lack of sleep can make you gain weight. According to several studies, people who have sleep disorders tend to have a higher appetite and hunger.
When you are sleep deprived, some people may also eat more at night, especially if they have a habit of eating when stressed. Meanwhile, due to lack of sleep, they may become less energetic during the day, making them lazy to exercise.
Several studies have shown that there is a fairly close relationship between depression and sleep disorders.The habit of frequent lack of sleep over time can increase a person's risk for depression. On the other hand, depressed people often experience symptoms of insomnia or sleep too much.
It is not yet clear what the cause is, but the effect of this sleep disorder is thought to occur due to a problem in the brain that functions to regulate mood.
4. Decreased immunity
The immune system or the body's immune system plays an important role in fighting viruses and germs that cause infection or disease. To keep your immune system strong, you need to get enough rest, reduce stress, and eat nutritious food.
When you have a sleep disorder, your immune system can weaken, making your body more susceptible to illness, including the flu and COVID-19. According to research, people who sleep 7 hours or less per night are more prone to colds than those who get enough sleep.
5. Memory loss
When the body has enough rest and sleeps well, the brain will work better and this can strengthen your memory. On the other hand, when you are sleep deprived, your brain will have a hard time working properly, so it will be more difficult for you to remember.
In addition, a lack of quality or quantity of sleep can also affect your concentration power, making it difficult for you to process information and remember.
6. Difficulty concentrating
If you don't get enough time and quality sleep, your cognitive function and decision-making abilities will decline. In addition, lack of sleep also seems to make you careless, such as forgetting to bring your wallet or cellphone.
7. Decreased sex drive
It can also be an effect of sleep disturbances in both men and women. Many studies show that lack of sleep or insomnia that occurs in the long term can reduce libido or sexual desire.
Not only that, studies show that men who experience sleep apnea can also experience a decrease in testosterone levels so that it has an impact on a decrease in sexual libido.
8. Fertility disturbed
Sleep disorders can also make you more at risk of having fertility problems. This is because insomnia or lack of sleep can reduce the quality of sperm and egg cells.
Insomnia can also make women experience irregular menstruation, making it difficult to determine the fertile period. So, if you want to have children quickly, try to sleep well with sufficient duration.
In addition, the effects of sleep disturbances in the long term can also increase the risk of various serious diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and cancer.
To prevent the various effects of sleep disturbances above, you need to get enough sleep and stop the habit of staying up late. In order to improve the quality and hours of sleep, you can also get used to implementing sleep hygiene.
However, if you have tried various methods, but are still having trouble sleeping or find it difficult to sleep well, you should consult a doctor.
The doctor may perform a physical examination and a sleep study to determine the cause and treatment, according to the type of sleep disorder you are experiencing.