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Swollen gums can cause not only discomfort in the mouth, but also damage to the tissues and bones that support the teeth if neglected. It is important for us to know the cause of swollen gums so that this condition can be anticipated, as well as how to treat it to avoid complications
The initial appearance of swollen gums can be marked by red, swollen, and bleeding gums when you brush your teeth or touch them.
When swollen gums affect the tissues and bones that support teeth, there are several accompanying symptoms, ranging from pus under the gums or teeth, bad breath, and a bad taste in the mouth. This condition is called periodontitis.
Why Are Gums Swollen?
Swollen gums are a fairly common he alth problem. In some cases, the swollen gums can be large enough to completely cover the tooth.
Here are some factors that can increase the risk of swollen gums:
- Plaque buildup on teeth due to not brushing your teeth regularly
- Smoking habit
- Viral, fungal, or bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the gums (gingivitis)
- Vitamin C deficiency
- Use of drugs, such as antiepileptic drugs, corticosteroids, hormonal contraceptives, and calcium channel blockers
In addition, swollen gums can also be triggered by gums that are too sensitive to the use of toothpaste or mouthwash, as well as improper installation of dentures or other dental equipment.
How to Overcome Swollen Gums
Complaints of swollen gums that are still mild can usually be treated by improving oral hygiene. Some of the ways you can do this include:
- Routinely brush your teeth 2 times a day and clean between your teeth using dental floss
- Compress the cheek area that has swollen gums using warm or cold water
- Replacing toothpaste or mouthwash that can cause sensitivity in the gums
- Performing a scaling procedure to clean dental plaque, as well as root planning to clean the tooth root area and between the gums, while eliminating bacteria
If swollen gums are suspected to be caused by a side effect of the drug, first consult the doctor who prescribed it, so that the doctor can decide whether to replace or stop using the drug.
In cases of swollen gums that are severe or cause a condition called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), treatment from a doctor is urgently needed. Your doctor will likely prescribe a combination of painkillers, antibiotics, and a mouthwash containing chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide to treat your swollen gums.
Prevention of Swollen Gums
One of the best steps in preventing swollen gums is to keep your teeth and mouth clean every day. Besides brushing your teeth, you should also:
- Get used to eating balanced nutritious foods, especially those containing calcium and vitamin C
- Drink more water and avoid food or drinks that are too hot or cold
- Quit smoking habit
The role of the gums is very important. Disorders of the gums that are not treated can have a negative impact on other parts of the mouth.
Therefore, if you experience swollen gums that do not heal even though you have tried to improve oral hygiene and adopt a he althy lifestyle, immediately consult a dentist for further treatment.