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Red spots on the skin are generally mild and often go away on their own. However, you should not take this condition lightly, because red spots that appear can also be a symptom of certain medical conditions and need to be treated immediately
Red spots on the skin can be caused by various factors, such as infection, irritation, and allergies. Most red spots go away naturally and are harmless, but some require medical treatment by a doctor.
In order to be treated properly, it is necessary to first know the cause of the appearance of red spots on the skin.
Various Causes of Red Spots on the Skin
The appearance of red spots on the skin can be caused by several conditions, namely:
Boils are skin infections in hair follicles or oil glands caused by Staphylococcus bacteria. The initial symptoms of this disease are the appearance of red spots on the skin and soft lumps in the infected area.
After 4–7 days, the lump will turn white and form pus under the skin. Boils are more common in someone who doesn't keep their body clean, has a weak immune system, and suffers from diabetes.
Red spots on the skin can also be caused by impetigo. This condition occurs due to infection with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Impetigo is characterized by sores or red spots that can appear anywhere, including the skin around the nose, mouth, hands and feet.
After a few days, the wound will burst and release a yellow fluid that can dry out and crust over. Impetigo can be treated by applying a cream to the skin or taking antibiotic tablets prescribed by a doctor.
Cellulitis can cause red spots on the skin, swelling, pain, and pus. This condition most often appears on the feet, but does not rule out almost any part of the body.
Cellulitis needs to be treated immediately because the infection that occurs can quickly spread throughout the body and be life-threatening.
There are various factors that can trigger acne, ranging from hormonal factors, genetics, to the use of inappropriate cosmetics. The severity of acne that appears can be mild, moderate, to severe.
Mild acne can start as black or white spots, while severe acne can cause red, pus-filled spots and lead to scar tissue formation.
To treat acne, you can use topical or oral medications, such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, and antibiotics. However, before using these drugs, you should consult a doctor first.
Furunculosis is a bacterial infection of the skin characterized by pus and painful lumps. These lumps are also known as furuncles. Furuncles usually appear on the skin of the neck, armpits, thighs, or buttocks.
Carbuncle is a red spot on the skin and contains pus that collects under the skin. This condition is caused by infection with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria on the surface of the skin.
Carbuncles usually appear on the back of the neck or on the sides of the thighs. Red spots that appear can burst, ooze pus, and form ulcers on the skin. In addition to red spots, symptoms that accompany a carbuncle are fever, fatigue, and pain.
Folliculitis is inflammation of the hair follicles caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. This condition usually looks like red spots on the skin or resembles white pimples around the hair follicles.
Folliculitis is not a dangerous condition, but it can cause itching, burning, and discomfort. Mild folliculitis usually goes away on its own, but it's recommended that you see your doctor if the inflammation doesn't improve or gets worse.
There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing red spots on the skin due to folliculitis, such as wearing tight clothes, shaving the mustache or beard frequently, and soaking in hot tubs that are not kept clean.
Chickenpox is characterized by red spots on the skin that spread anywhere on the body. These red spots contain clear fluid that can blister and burst. If the red spot breaks or peels off, new spots may appear.
Diseases caused by this virus can attack small children as well as adults and are highly contagious. In fact, being in the same room with a person with chickenpox has made it possible for a person to be infected. Likewise, if you touch things that are infected with pus from chickenpox.
Dermatitis is an inflammation characterized by red spots on the skin, looks dry, and feels itchy. This condition can be mild to serious. Serious dermatitis can result in the formation of crusts or blisters filled with fluid.
The cause of dermatitis is a disorder of the immune system, direct contact with objects exposed to the dermatitis virus, allergies, or genetic factors. Itching and sores due to scratching or exposure to bacteria that cause dermatitis can also cause red spots on the skin and pus.
Little mites that enter the skin can trigger the appearance of scabies. This condition is characterized by red spots on the skin that feel itchy. These red spots can become blisters and pus if infected with bacteria.
The scabies mite can be spread through direct contact with an infected person, sleeping in the same bed, or sharing towels, clothes, and other personal items.
Scurvy is a highly contagious disease. Therefore, doctors will usually recommend treatment for all groups of people or families who have frequent contact with people with scabies.
Various diseases that cause red spots on the skin need to be treated immediately so as not to cause further damage to the skin and spread to other people.
If you experience red spots on the skin or there are complaints that are suspected to be symptoms of some of the diseases above, consult a doctor to get the right treatment.