Be careful, minor strokes can develop into strokes

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Be careful, minor strokes can develop into strokes
Be careful, minor strokes can develop into strokes

Mild stroke is a stroke that lasts a short time and can disappear in minutes or hours. However, you still need to be aware of minor strokes, because they can be a symptom of a permanent stroke that needs to be treated immediately

Mild stroke or known in medical terms transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a condition when the blood supply to the brain is temporarily blocked due to blockage in the blood vessels of the brain.

Be careful, minor strokes can develop into strokes - Alodokter

Even if it is short-lived and does not cause permanent brain damage, you still need to be vigilant because a minor stroke can be a warning that you are at risk of having a more severe stroke in the future.

Various Symptoms of Minor Stroke

The symptoms of a minor stroke are generally similar to those of a permanent stroke. Following are some of the symptoms:

  • Facial muscles weaken and make one side of the face down
  • Difficulty lifting both arms and legs due to weakness or numbness
  • The ability to speak is impaired, for example, speech is slurred and irregular or even unable to speak
  • Tingling in parts of the body affected by a mild stroke, such as the face, arms, and legs
  • Visibility in one or both eyes
  • Loss of body balance and body coordination system
  • Difficulty swallowing

The basic difference between a minor stroke and a stroke is the severity of the blockage that blocks blood flow to the brain. In a mild stroke, the blockage is still small and has not caused permanent damage to the nerves of the brain.

In addition, minor stroke symptoms can also improve in minutes or hours. Meanwhile, the blockage of blood flow to the brain that occurs in a stroke is severe enough to cause brain nerve damage.

Mild Stroke Risk Factor

It was previously mentioned that a minor stroke is caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the brain. This blockage can occur due to the buildup of plaque or air clots in the arteries.

In addition, there are several factors that can increase a person's risk of having a mild stroke, namely:

  • Over 55 years old
  • History of stroke in the family
  • Smoking habit
  • Consumption of fatty and high-s alt foods
  • Consuming alcohol in excess
  • Certain medical conditions, such as hypertension, obesity, and diabetes
  • Heart rhythm disorders

If you experience any of the symptoms of a minor stroke, immediately contact the nearest doctor or hospital to get the right treatment.

The doctor will conduct a series of examinations to confirm the diagnosis, including physical tests, blood tests, and supporting examinations, such as CT scans, MRIs, EKGs, and X-rays.

Through the diagnosis obtained by the doctor, treatment will be tailored to the cause of the minor stroke you are experiencing. Doctors can prescribe medications to prevent blood clots or remove plaque buildup from the arteries that supply blood to the brain.

Important Things to Beware of Minor Stroke Symptoms

Although the symptoms of a mild stroke are brief, this condition needs to be watched out for because it can be life-threatening. A person who has had a minor stroke is thought to have a lower life expectancy than someone who has never had a minor stroke.

A study also shows that about 4 out of 10 people who have a minor stroke are at risk of having a stroke permanently. What is even more dangerous is that half of these strokes can occur within 48 hours after mild stroke symptoms.

Other research shows that about 10 percent of people who have had a minor stroke will have a stroke within the next 1–5 years.

More severe conditions can occur if minor stroke symptoms are not detected and left untreated. Disorders of the brain that do not get treated quickly and appropriately can lead to complications, such as dementia.

Regardless of whether you have experienced it or not, there are several ways that can reduce the risk of mild stroke, namely stopping smoking, limiting the consumption of cholesterol foods, avoiding alcoholic beverages, and exercising regularly.

You must also meet the needs of nutrient-rich foods from fruits and vegetables, and maintain an ideal body weight. If you have a condition that can increase your risk of a minor stroke, consult your doctor to find out how to prevent it.

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