Know How to Deal with Epilepsy in Children

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Know How to Deal with Epilepsy in Children
Know How to Deal with Epilepsy in Children
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Worry certainly does not stop covering the hearts of parents when dealing with epilepsy in children. Moreover, if you have to see a child having seizures due to epilepsy he is experiencing. However, you have to stay calm and deal with it in the right way. How?

Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system or the activity of nerve cells in the brain. When an attack occurs, a child with epilepsy will show symptoms of convulsions and sometimes loss of consciousness.

Know How to Deal with Epilepsy in Children - Alodokter

Although it is not easy to deal with epilepsy in children, parents still have to make sure their children get the right care and treatment. If left untreated, this condition can affect their growth and development and learning abilities.

How to Deal with Epilepsy in Children

Facing with epilepsy in children certainly raises new challenges, both for parents and for the children themselves. As a parent, you are advised to always think positively, seek accurate information about epilepsy, and help your child adjust to the condition.

In addition, there are several ways to deal with epilepsy in children that you can do, including:

1. Prepare the medicine needs

Drugs for epilepsy do not aim to cure, but control the symptoms caused by this disease. There are several types of drugs that are commonly used to treat epilepsy in children, including:

  • Phenytoin
  • Carbamazepine
  • Valproate
  • Valproic acid
  • Ethosuximide
  • Topiramate
  • Gabapentin
  • Oxcarbazepine
  • Zonisamide
  • Lamotrigine
  • Felbamat e

These drugs have side effects such as dizziness, nausea, double vision, rash, and impaired body coordination. Meanwhile, there are also rare side effects, such as hyperactivity and irritability.

Each type and type of epilepsy will require different medications. Therefore, give the child the right medicine and dosage according to the doctor's prescription.

If the child has entered school, make sure he knows how to use the drug, such as the dosage and when to take it at school. Also explain your child's condition to the teacher and supervisor at his school.

2. Approach it from the mental side

Children with epilepsy may experience emotional disturbances, such as low self-esteem or depression. However, don't let that happen. To strengthen his mental condition, explain about the disease he suffers, for example, what is epilepsy, what are the symptoms, and how to deal with it.

Build her confidence by telling her that she can still do the activities she likes, but that needs to be done carefully or needs supervision.

Help children to understand that it is normal to be different. Encourage the child to continue to focus on what he can do. Children can still achieve, because epilepsy does not affect their intelligence as long as they are given treatment from doctors.

Also tell the condition experienced by your child to the school and his friends so that words do not come out that can hurt his heart. Explain to them that epilepsy is not a contagious disease. So, there is no longer any reason to stay away from it.

3. Supervise and always accompany the child

To avoid things that are not desirable, accompany the child when he is undergoing activities that can endanger his life in the event of a seizure, such as swimming. You can also wear a headgear when he rides and don't let him ride alone.

When in the bathroom, tell the child not to lock the bathroom door. That way, you can easily help him if he has a seizure at any time.

Avoid doing activities that make him too tired and have a fever because this can trigger seizures.

Proper Handling When Children Have Seizures

When a child has a seizure, try not to panic. Even if it's difficult, you should stay calm and do the following things to help him:

  • Keep children away from dangerous objects around them, such as sharp and hard objects, stairs, and furniture.
  • Lean his body to the right or left so that the liquid in his mouth can come out and not enter his airway.
  • During and after a seizure, monitor the condition of the child if he can still breathe. If after the seizure the child is not breathing, immediately take the child to the emergency room of the nearest hospital.
  • During and after the seizure ends, the child may be frightened and confused by their condition. Calm him down by saying that everything is fine and accompany the child until he feels more calm and stable.
  • Once the condition looks stable, let the child rest. Avoid giving additional medication, unless prescribed by a doctor.

Seizures due to epilepsy are conditions that need to be examined and treated by a doctor. Especially, if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes and is accompanied by shortness of breath.

Epilepsy in children does sound terrible. However, with proper treatment, such as giving medication, consulting the doctor regularly, and monitoring their activities, the risk of a child experiencing the dangerous effects of epilepsy can be reduced.

If your child's condition worsens after taking epilepsy drugs, you can consult a doctor to get a new medication or undergo therapy to control epilepsy symptoms in your child.

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