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Swelling in the neck can occur due to various causes. In general, this condition is not dangerous. However, in some cases, swelling in the neck can be a sign of a more serious illness
Do you feel your neck feels heavier and bigger than before? If after a few days it does not subside and is accompanied by other symptoms, you should see a doctor to be aware of the possibility of a more serious illness.
Various Causes of Swelling in the Neck
Here are some of the main possible causes of neck swelling:
Swollen lymph nodes
Lymph nodes are glands that contain white blood cells and are part of the immune system that functions to fight infections that occur. These glands can swell a few centimeters in response to infection or disease. Apart from the neck, swollen lymph nodes can occur in other parts of the body, such as the armpits.
In cases that are not dangerous, such as flu and sore throat, consuming lots of fluids and taking ibuprofen can usually relieve pain in swollen lymph nodes. In addition to ibuprofen, antibiotics may be recommended if your swollen lymph nodes are caused by a bacterial infection.
If treatment for swollen lymph nodes has been given for 1 month, but it doesn't go away, see a doctor.Blood tests, CT scans, or a biopsy may be recommended to detect further abnormalities. Because under certain conditions, swelling in the neck due to swollen lymph nodes can be a symptom of measles, rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV), tuberculosis (TB), syphilis, HIV, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and even cancer.
The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly, located in the front of the neck just in front of the trachea. A goiter or swelling of the thyroid gland can cause the neck to appear swollen. Goiter generally occurs in women, especially those aged 40 years and over. Treatment will be carried out according to the cause of the goiter.
The causes of thyroid gland enlargement include:
- Hyperthyroidism or an overactive thyroid gland.
- Changes in hormones during menopause and pregnancy.
- Iodine deficiency.
- thyroid cancer
Mumps or mumps is a dangerous infectious infection spread by paramyxovirus. Swelling in the neck due to swelling of the salivary glands is the main symptom of this disease. Mumps can be transmitted through splashes of saliva containing the virus, as a result of an infected person sneezing or coughing. Giving the MMR vaccine can prevent this disease.
Swelling in the neck can also be a symptom of diphtheria. Diphtheria is an infectious disease caused by bacteria that attacks the mucous membranes of the nose and throat. Symptoms are generally felt 2-5 days after infection. In addition to swelling in the neck, other symptoms that can be felt include fever, sore throat, weakness, headache, cough, discharge from the nose containing blood or pus, and shortness of breath.
Abscess in mouth
In certain cases, complications can occur due to bacterial infection of the tooth called a tooth abscess.This condition causes purulent swelling under the teeth or in the gums. When the infection spreads to the tissues under the mouth, it can cause the bottom of the mouth and neck to become swollen and red, known as Ludwig's angina. In addition, if not treated immediately, abscesses can also cause:
- Teeth must be extracted
A cyst is a lump that can be filled with fluid, air or pus. Cysts are not malignant, but they can cause pain. Cysts can grow in various areas of the body, including the neck.
Although some neck swelling conditions are not dangerous, immediately consult a doctor if swelling in the neck:
- Not deflated in three weeks.
- The size is mem
- Feels hard and doesn't move when pressed.
- Accompanied by symptoms of difficulty swallowing or breathing.
- Accompanied by high fever or night sweats for more than 3-4 days.
The treatment of swelling in the neck really depends on the cause of the swelling. Check with a doctor to anticipate more serious causes.