Signs of Miscarriage to Watch Out for

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Signs of Miscarriage to Watch Out for
Signs of Miscarriage to Watch Out for

Miscarriage is a risk that can occur in every pregnancy. However, this condition can be prevented by detecting signs of miscarriage as early as possible. Thus, pregnant women can receive immediate treatment so that the risk of fetal death can be reduced

Spontaneous miscarriage or abortion is the death of the fetus in the womb before 20 weeks of gestation. At least 10–20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage.

Signs of Miscarriage to Watch Out for - Alodokter

The main signs of miscarriage are vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain. However, these two conditions do not specifically mark fetal death, so further investigation is needed.

The condition in which the fetus and pregnancy can still be preserved even though signs of miscarriage have appeared is called a 'threatened abortion' or abortion iminens (threatened abortion).

Some Signs of Miscarriage

The following are some of the signs of a miscarriage that pregnant women should be aware of and need medical attention for:

1. Bleeding

Bleeding or spotting of blood is an early sign of miscarriage. But keep in mind that not all bleeding will end in miscarriage.

Mild bleeding with pink or brown patches is usually nothing to worry about. Light bleeding also generally lasts for 1-2 weeks.

However, if what comes out is bright red blood with a large volume or pink clots, it could be a sign of miscarriage. Call your doctor immediately if you experience bleeding, whether light or heavy.

In certain cases, miscarriage can occur without bleeding. This miscarriage is called a missed abortion.

2. Pain

Bleeding accompanied by pain should be watched out for as a sign of miscarriage. The body parts that feel pain are usually the pelvis, abdomen, and back. This pain is usually more intense than menstrual pain and can occur continuously or occasionally.

3. Decreased baby movement

Generally, miscarriages occur when the gestational age has not reached 20 weeks. However, late miscarriages can occur at 12–24 weeks of gestation.

One of the signs of a late miscarriage is a decrease in baby movement. Therefore, pregnant women need to be alert if the fetus does not move for several days and immediately consult a doctor for pregnancy conditions.

4. Changes in pregnancy symptoms

Changes in pregnancy symptoms, such as no longer nausea or vomiting, can be signs of a miscarriage. However, keep in mind that these changes can also occur due to other factors, such as pregnancy hormones. Therefore, consult a doctor if pregnant women feel a change in pregnancy symptoms.

5. Discharge or tissue from the vagina

Liquid or tissue that comes out of the vagina can be a sign of miscarriage. If pregnant women experience this condition, place the tissue in a clean container, then take it to the doctor for further analysis.

Bleeding in the early trimester is also not always related to miscarriage, because many pregnant women are still able to continue their pregnancy and give birth to babies in a he althy manner.

Causes and Risk Factors of Miscarriage

In general, there are several things that can increase the risk of miscarriage, including:

  • The age of the mother when she was pregnant was considered old or over 35 years
  • History of previous miscarriages
  • Unhe althy lifestyle during pregnancy, such as smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages, or abusing drugs
  • Exposure to radiation or toxins either at work or in the living environment
  • The opening of the cervix that is too early without any signs of labor
  • Weight that is too thin or too fat
  • There are anatomical abnormalities in the uterus

Most of miscarriages occur in the first trimester and are generally caused by chromosomal disorders in the fetus. Chromosomal disorders prevent the fetus from developing normally, causing miscarriage. This chromosomal disorder generally does not come from the genetics of the parents.

Miscarriage in the first trimester can also be caused by disruption of the development of the placenta that connects the mother to the fetus.

Meanwhile, miscarriage in the second trimester is usually caused by the he alth condition of the pregnant woman. There are several medical conditions that can increase the risk of miscarriage, including:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Lupus
  • thyroid disease
  • Rubella
  • Malaria
  • Sexually transmitted diseases

Miscarriage in the second trimester can also be caused by infection in the baby, consumption of certain drugs, food poisoning, or weak cervix.

Signs of miscarriage must be understood by every pregnant woman in order to get rid of various wrong views about the causes of miscarriage.

Keep in mind that miscarriages are not caused by sports, sexual intercourse, work (as long as they are not exposed to radiation or toxins), traveling by plane, spicy food, or stress.

If pregnant women experience the signs of miscarriage mentioned above, immediately check with the doctor for the condition of pregnancy so that the right examination and treatment can be carried out. Therefore, don't forget to always check your pregnancy condition regularly in order to maintain the he alth of the mother and fetus.

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