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Respiratory disorders can be caused by various things. Some are mild and can heal on their own, but there are also those that require medical attention. To get the right treatment, know what are the common respiratory disorders
The respiratory system includes the airways, blood vessels, lungs, and the muscles of the respiratory tract. The various organs and tissues of the respiratory system work together to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body.
In addition to helping gas exchange, the respiratory system also filters, warms and humidifies the air you breathe.
If you breathe unhe althy air continuously and for a long time, this can cause respiratory problems. Therefore, you must keep the air you breathe clean and he althy.
Various Common Respiratory Disorders
There are several common respiratory disorders, including: 9
Flu is caused by an influenza virus that infects the nose, throat and lungs. Viruses that cause respiratory disorders can spread through the air, contaminated objects, or physical contact with people with the flu.
Flu can be prevented by taking several preventive measures, such as washing hands regularly, not touching the face, and staying away from crowds.
Pharyngitis is inflammation of the throat or pharynx. This complaint is caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Pharyngitis can be treated based on the cause. For example, pharyngitis caused by bacteria can be treated with antibiotics.
Another respiratory disorder is laryngitis, which is inflammation of the larynx or vocal cords. These complaints are generally caused by overuse of the larynx, irritation, or infection.
The symptoms of laryngitis usually include sore throat, cough, fever, hoarseness, and loss of voice.
Asthma is a respiratory disorder characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract. This complaint makes the airway narrowing. The cause can be due to allergies, exposure to smoke, pollution, to cold air.
Typical symptoms commonly experienced by asthmatics are wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.
Bronchitis occurs when the tubes that carry air to the lungs or bronchi become inflamed. As a result, this respiratory disorder causes the sufferer to cough up phlegm. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.
In addition to coughing up phlegm, symptoms that accompany bronchitis are chest tightness, yellow or green phlegm, and fever.
Emphysema is a chronic or long-term disease caused by damage to the alveoli, the small air sacs in the lungs. This respiratory disorder is more often experienced by active smokers.
People with emphysema may experience symptoms of a chronic cough and shortness of breath, even when doing light exercise or climbing stairs.
Pneumonia is a respiratory disorder in the lungs caused by a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. Pneumonia can also be caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19.
The symptoms of pneumonia are quite varied. However, pneumonia is generally characterized by symptoms, such as cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills.
8. Lung cancer
Lung cancer is one of the most dangerous types of cancer with a high mortality rate. Both active and passive smokers are at high risk of developing lung cancer.
Therefore, to prevent lung cancer, it is recommended that you stop smoking and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
Those are some respiratory disorders that often occur. To prevent these disorders, it is important to always maintain the he alth of the lungs and respiratory tract.
Some things you can do to maintain a he althy respiratory system are to eat nutritious food, exercise regularly, get enough rest, control stress, wash your hands regularly, and of course stop smoking.
If you experience symptoms of respiratory distress or chest tightness, you should consult a doctor so that the appropriate examination and treatment can be carried out.