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Branched hair is a sign of hair damage. To overcome this, there are ways to deal with split ends that you can do. In this way, you can get he althy, beautiful and shiny hair
Hair consists of three layers, namely the medulla, cortex, and cuticle. The cuticle is the outermost layer of the hair which is responsible for protecting the inside of the hair which is more prone to damage.
However, the cuticle that is supposed to protect the hair can open due to improper hair care. This can cause hair to be damaged, dry, dull, and easily broken and branched.
Causes of Split ends
Split hair occurs when the hair cuticle is damaged. There are several things that can cause damaged cuticles and split ends, including:
- Combing hair excessively
- Rub your hair when it's wet vigorously with a towel
- Frequently use hair styling tools, such as hair dryers and hair straighteners
- I often dye my hair and use bleach
- Using harsh chemical hair care products
Not only that, branched hair can also be caused by excessive sun exposure and insufficient intake of nutrients that are important for hair he alth.
How to deal with split ends
There are several ways to deal with split ends that can be done to get he althy and shiny hair, including:
1. Cutting the ends of the hair regularly
Cutting the ends of the hair regularly is the easiest way to deal with split ends. It is recommended that you trim the ends of your hair every 6–8 weeks. If in doubt, try asking a hairdresser at the salon to trim the ends of your hair.
2. Combing hair slowly
Combing hair excessively, especially if done roughly, can cause hair to break and split easily. This is because the friction between the comb and the hair can cause the cuticles to crack and open.
Therefore, it is recommended that you comb your hair slowly, starting at the bottom to smooth out the tangles. This method can help prevent hair from getting damaged and falling out.
In addition, you are also advised not to comb your hair in wet conditions, because hair is more fragile and breaks easily. It's best to dry your hair with a soft towel first before combing it.
3. Using conditioner and hair mask
Using conditioner after shampooing can make hair softer and easier to manage. Meanwhile, using a hair mask at least once a week can add moisture to your hair and make it smoother. Thus, the hair will not be easily dry and branched.
4. Limiting the use of hair styling tools
Hairstyling tools, such as straighteners and curlers, can indeed make hair look neater and more beautiful. However, those of you with split ends should avoid styling your hair this way.
Because the heat from the styling tool can change the protein structure of the hair and make it drier. This of course will cause more split ends.
However, if you really need a styling tool, be sure to use a hair serum or hair protection product first to protect your hair from overheating.
5. Limiting hair care with chemicals
Hair treatment using chemicals, such as hair coloring, perming, and smoothing, can have a negative impact on hair he alth.
Therefore, it is recommended that you give time lag between one hair treatment and another. For example, you should wait 2 weeks before dyeing your hair after straightening your hair.
6. Avoid direct sunlight on hair
Exposure to UVA and UVB rays from the sun for a long time can damage the hair cuticles. As a result, hair becomes dry, breaks easily, splits, and even changes color.
Therefore, when you are outdoors, you are advised to protect your hair from direct sunlight by using a hat or umbrella. In addition, you can also use a hair moisturizer containing zinc oxide or SPF to ward off UV rays.
7. Sufficient hair nutritional needs
Not only treatment from the outside, branching hair also needs to be addressed from within by providing adequate nutrition for the hair.
An example is zinc which plays an important role in the growth and repair of hair tissue and maintains hair moisture. You can get zinc by eating seafood, meat, eggs, whole grains, and nuts.
In addition, protein, omega-3, vitamin A, vitamin C, and iron are also good nutrients to keep hair he althy and avoid damage.
Some of the ways to deal with split ends above can help you get he althy hair. However, in some cases, split ends can be a sign of a he alth problem, such as hyperthyroidism or an eating disorder.
Therefore, if your hair condition does not improve even though you have tried various ways to deal with split ends, you should consult a doctor to get the right treatment.