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Vaginal discharge is a common condition experienced by women. However, if the discharge is green and has a lumpy texture and smells bad, you should be careful. This is because this condition can be a symptom of trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by infection with the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. This disease can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or sharing sex aids with people with trichomoniasis.
Most of the women who suffer from trichomoniasis are not aware that they are infected with this disease. However, one of the symptoms caused by this disease is green vaginal discharge.
Symptoms of Trichomoniasis
Symptoms of trichomoniasis will generally appear within 5–28 days after a person is infected with the parasite. In addition to green vaginal discharge, there are several other symptoms of trichomoniasis, including:
- Smells fishy or pungent in the vagina (vaginal odor)
- vaginal bleeding
- Pain when urinating or having sex
- Itchy vagina
The symptoms of trichomoniasis are almost the same as the symptoms of other sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, to confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will perform a series of physical examinations and laboratory tests.
After confirming the diagnosis, the doctor can give antibiotics to treat trichomoniasis. Some types of antibiotics that are generally given by doctors are metronidazole or tinidazole.
When taking antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor, you should avoid drinking alcohol and not having sex for at least a week.
Risk of Complications in Trichomoniasis
Green discharge due to trichomoniasis should be treated immediately by a doctor. Otherwise, trichomoniasis risks increasing the transmission of other sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV.
If people with trichomoniasis are pregnant, this can increase the risk of premature birth and low birth weight babies.
In addition, some diseases such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and bacterial vaginosis, can occur together with trichomoniasis. If not treated immediately, this condition will cause complications, such as:
- blockage of the fallopian tubes due to scar tissue
- Chronic pelvic pain
How to Prevent Trichomoniasis
Similar to other sexually transmitted diseases, steps to prevent trichomoniasis are to apply safe sex behaviors, namely using condoms and not changing sexual partners.
In addition, there are several other precautions that can be taken, namely:
- Get to know each other's sexual partners.
- Use cotton underwear to reduce humidity and prevent bacteria from growing.
- Wash the vagina from front to back after urinating.
- Avoid using special vaginal cleansers because they can remove the good bacteria that protect the vagina.
- Conduct regular he alth checks, especially those related to reproductive organs.
- Avoid sharing sex toys with others.
Although it can be cured, a person can be re-infected if they have sex with someone who is still infected with trichomoniasis. Therefore, take some of the precautions above.
However, if you experience green or yellow vaginal discharge accompanied by symptoms of burning, irritation, itching, or pain in the vagina, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.