Know the Various Risks of Tubectomy for Women

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Know the Various Risks of Tubectomy for Women
Know the Various Risks of Tubectomy for Women

Tubectomy can be a safe choice of permanent contraceptive method for women. However, just like any other medical procedure, tubectomy also has some risks. If you decide to undergo this method, first consider the risks and benefits that can be obtained

Tubectomy or tubal ligation is a method of contraception that is done by cutting, tying, or closing the fallopian tubes. This method can prevent the egg from traveling through the fallopian tube and prevent the sperm from meeting the egg. Thus, pregnancy can be prevented.

Know the Various Risks of Tubectomy for Women - Alodokter

Tubectomy procedure can be done at any time, including after normal delivery or in conjunction with other abdominal surgeries, such as caesarean section. However, not all women can undergo a tubectomy procedure.

Therefore, if you want to undergo a tubectomy procedure, you should first consult with your doctor.

Types of Tubectomy and the Process

Tubectomy can be done by several methods. The doctor will carry out an examination to determine the right method based on your condition, including your weight and surgery history.

The following is a selection of tubectomy procedures that doctors can recommend:

  • Laparotomy, performed after normal delivery or caesarean section by making a small incision below the navel.
  • Laparoscopy, performed outside of labor by making small incisions and using a special tool called a laparoscope.

After undergoing the tubectomy procedure, the doctor will take you to the recovery room to go through the observation stage to see if there is a risk of complications. Furthermore, you will be allowed to go home at least 4 hours after the doctor has confirmed that there are no possible complications.

After undergoing a tubectomy procedure, you are advised to avoid strenuous exercise for a few days. You should also postpone sexual intercourse for one week after the tubectomy procedure is performed.

Tubectomy procedure does not affect the menstrual cycle and sexual intercourse. So you will go through your normal menstrual cycle

Risk of Complications of Tubectomy Procedure

Tubectomy is classified as a safe procedure with a rare risk of complications. However, no matter what type of surgical procedure is performed, there are risks.

There are several things that can increase the risk of complications, including:

  • History of undergoing pelvic or abdominal surgery
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

Meanwhile, the risks of complications that can occur during the tubectomy procedure include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Side effects of drugs
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain that won't go away
  • Damage to organs, such as intestines, bladder, or blood vessels

In addition, if the fallopian tube does not close completely after a tubectomy, it can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. This condition is classified as dangerous and must be treated immediately.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Tubectomy

In addition to the risk of complications, you also need to consider the advantages and disadvantages of tubectomy surgery. The following are the advantages of tubectomy surgery:

  • Does not affect hormones
  • Only one action is needed
  • High success rate in preventing pregnancy

In addition to the advantages, the tubectomy procedure also has disadvantages, namely:

  • Some women can still get pregnant after a tubectomy, although this is rare.
  • Can't protect against sexually transmitted diseases, so you still need other contraceptives during sex, such as condoms.
  • It is permanent so it is difficult to reconnect the fallopian tube.
  • The cost of the tubectomy procedure is relatively high.

Tubectomy can be used as a contraceptive method if you and your partner decide that you no longer want to have children.Consult your doctor to find out more about the benefits and risks of the tubectomy procedure, and to determine whether the procedure is right for you.

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