Recognizing the Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It

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Recognizing the Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It
Recognizing the Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It

Pneumonia in children is a condition that needs to be watched out for. This disease can cause symptoms such as cough, fever, and shortness of breath. If not treated quickly, pneumonia in children can cause more serious disorders or even death

The causes of pneumonia are quite diverse, ranging from bacterial, viral, to fungal infections. Several types of microorganisms that can cause pneumonia in children are influenza virus, Corona virus, and Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria.

Recognize the Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It - Alodokter

Risk Factors for Pneumonia in Children

Children are generally more at risk of developing pneumonia because their immune systems are still weak and not fully formed. In addition, there are several things that can also make a child's immune system weaker, namely:

  • Not getting breast milk (ASI)
  • Malnutrition or malnutrition
  • Certain infections, such as HIV and measles
  • Immunization is incomplete or not getting the pneumonia vaccine
  • Born prematurely

A number of environmental factors can also increase a child's risk of developing pneumonia, such as exposure to dust or cigarette smoke, living in densely populated settlements, and air pollution.

Beware of Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children

When you have pneumonia, your child may experience the following symptoms:

  • Cough and runny nose
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Breath sounds or wheezing
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Appetite decreased
  • Crying and fussing more often than usual
  • Weak and hard to concentrate

In severe cases, pneumonia can also cause the child to experience a condition of lips and nails that look bluish or cyanosis and pale skin due to lack of oxygen.

Steps for Handling Pneumonia in Children

Pneumonia in children needs to be recognized early and checked by a doctor as soon as possible. If your little one shows symptoms of pneumonia, you need to immediately see a doctor.

To confirm the diagnosis of pneumonia in children and evaluate their condition, doctors can perform a physical examination and supporting examinations, such as blood tests, PCR tests, urine tests, and chest X-rays. However, in certain cases, the doctor will also perform a bronchoscopy.

Treatment of pneumonia in children is adjusted to the cause. Generally, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat pneumonia due to bacterial infections, antiviral drugs for pneumonia due to viral infections, and antifungal drugs for pneumonia caused by fungal infections.

In addition, to reduce fever symptoms, doctors can also give fever-reducing drugs, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol.

If the child's condition is weak or the pneumonia is severe enough, the doctor will give the child oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids, as well as drugs by injection.

When they are sick, children also need to get enough food and drink so that their condition can recover. If your child is still being breastfed, don't forget to keep giving him breast milk so that he can recover quickly. This can also prevent him from becoming dehydrated.

How to Prevent Pneumonia in Children

Pneumonia can be transmitted through saliva splashes when coughing or sneezing, as well as through the use of eating and drinking utensils with the sufferer.

Therefore, so that your little one avoids this disease, there are several preventive steps you can take, namely:

Enough nutritional needs of children

Give breast milk to the baby for at least the first 6 months. This is important to strengthen the child's immune system naturally to fight disease. When they are 6 months and older, also meet the nutritional needs of children by giving them fruit, vegetables, and other nutritious foods.

Complete child immunization

Fulfill your child's immunizations by giving them an effective pneumonia vaccine to reduce the risk of getting this disease. You can also give him additional immunizations with the influenza vaccine, Hib vaccine, measles vaccine, and DPT vaccine.

Apply clean and he althy living behavior

Get used to your little one and the people at home to apply clean life, such as washing hands with soap and running water. Also make sure you keep your house clean and process food cleanly.

Don't let pneumonia in children develop into a more serious condition. Therefore, if your child has symptoms that point to pneumonia, it is advisable to immediately take him to the hospital to get treatment from a doctor.

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