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Ovulation is the process when a mature egg is released from the ovary or ovary into the fallopian tube to be fertilized. If you are planning a pregnancy or want to prevent it, you need to know when this ovulation period occurs
Ovulation is the best time to have sex so you can get pregnant right away. Conversely, ovulation can also be used as a natural birth control to prevent pregnancy. By knowing when your fertile period or ovulation period occurs, you can avoid sexual intercourse so as not to get pregnant.
How Does Ovulation Happen?
During the menstrual cycle, the ovaries will prepare about 15–20 mature eggs each month. The most mature egg will be released and enter into the fallopian tube to be carried to the uterus. In order for pregnancy to occur, this egg must be fertilized by a sperm.
Eggs can survive for at least 24 hours after being released, while sperm can survive in the vagina for up to 7 days.
To increase your chances of getting pregnant, you can have sex about 2 days before ovulation to approximately 5 days after ovulation.
When Does Ovulation Occur?
Menstrual cycle normally ranges from 25-30 days with an average cycle of 28 days. This fertile or ovulatory period usually begins around day 14 of the menstrual cycle.
If your menstrual cycle is 28 days and regular every month, then day 14 can usually be used as a benchmark for ovulation. At this time, you can have sex without a condom to create a pregnancy.
However, the menstrual cycle in every woman can be different, some are regular and some are not. Changes in the menstrual cycle can occur due to various things, such as weight gain or loss, severe stress, lack of sleep, too much exercise, or certain diseases, such as PCOS.
If you have regular menstrual cycles, you can do a menstrual calendar calculation to find out when ovulation occurs. The trick is to determine the time of your next period, then count down for 8-12 days before the date of your period.
Unfortunately, this method will be difficult if you have irregular and frequent menstrual cycles.
What Are the Signs of Ovulation?
Although the signs of ovulation in each woman can be different, you can predict when you are ovulating by recognizing the following signs of ovulation:
1. Basal body temperature
Ovulation can increase your basal body temperature. Basal body temperature is the body temperature at rest. You can measure your basal body temperature with a special thermometer.
By knowing changes in basal temperature, you can predict when to ovulate and know when is the best time to have sex with your partner.
2. Vaginal discharge
This discharge is cervical mucus which can be a sign that you are fertile. After your period is over, the mucus in your cervix will gradually increase and its texture will change.
Towards and during ovulation, mucus becomes more fluid, making it easier for sperm to enter the fallopian tube to meet the egg. The most fertile time is when the mucus starts to look a bit clear like the white part of a raw egg.
3. Increased sexual arousal
At the time of ovulation, women are more passionate about having sex. In fact, a study revealed that during ovulation some women feel themselves more attractive than usual days.
4. Pain in the stomach
Pain or cramping in the abdomen is also known as mittelschmerz. Some women admit that they feel pain in the ovaries, namely the lower abdomen during ovulation. This pain can also appear in one of the backs at the time of ovulation.
If you want to determine the time of ovulation in a more practical way, you can use a fertility test kit that can be found in pharmacies. This tool will show the level of the hormone LH through your urine. An increased LH hormone indicates that one of your ovaries is about to release an egg.
By knowing the time of ovulation, you can easily plan a pregnancy.However, for those of you who have difficulty knowing the time of ovulation due to irregular menstruation, consult your doctor for tips and ways to plan a pregnancy according to your condition.