Information About Normal Uric Acid Levels

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Information About Normal Uric Acid Levels
Information About Normal Uric Acid Levels

Uric acid is a natural compound produced by the body. Normal uric acid levels do not cause he alth problems. However, if the levels are too high and accumulate in the blood, uric acid can trigger various diseases, such as gout and kidney stones

Uric acid is formed from the process of breaking down purine substances found in food and beverages, such as red meat, seafood, liver, tuna, peanuts, and beer. Then, the blood will carry purines to the kidneys to be filtered, and the rest is excreted through the urine.

Information About Normal Uric Acid Levels - Alodokter

If the body produces uric acid in excess and the kidneys are unable to get rid of it, uric acid will accumulate in the blood. This can then trigger the formation of kidney stones and the occurrence of arthritis due to the buildup of uric acid crystals that attack the joints.

Therefore, to see whether your uric acid level is normal or not, a blood uric acid level test and a urine uric acid level test are needed.

Uric Acid Test in Blood

Blood tests can be done to determine the possibility of uric acid rheumatism or inflammation of the joints due to high uric acid levels. Test results can usually be obtained in a short time, but this depends on each laboratory.

It should also be noted that there may be differences in the reference for normal uric acid levels between one laboratory and another. However, don't worry, because usually the laboratory will include the reference used.

Before the blood uric acid test is done, the doctor may advise you to fast. In general, the value of normal uric acid levels in adult men and women is slightly different, namely:

  • Women: 1.5–6.0 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)
  • Men: 2.5–7.0 mg/dL

If your uric acid level exceeds the normal level, you may experience symptoms of gout, such as:

  • Pain in your joints and fingers
  • Swollen feet and redness
  • Legs or joints feel hot to the touch
  • Difficulty walking or moving painful joints

Complaints due to increased uric acid levels can last up to several days or about 1−2 weeks. To treat this condition, you can take pain relievers and uric acid lowering drugs according to the doctor's prescription.

Uric Acid Test in Urine

Urine uric acid test is usually done when a blood test shows high uric acid levels or if you show symptoms of uric acid rheumatism. In addition, a urine test is also usually done to determine whether there are kidney stones due to high uric acid levels.

In a urine test, you need to record the first time you pee in the morning. It is useful to mark the initial time of urine collection for 24 hours. Then, you need to store the urine from the second urination onwards for up to 24 hours.

After that, you need to put the urine into the sample bag provided by the laboratory for examination. Normal uric acid levels in urine collected over 24 hours are 250–750 mg or 1.48–4.43 millimoles (mmol).

How to Maintain Normal Uric Acid Levels

To maintain normal uric acid levels, there are several ways that can be done, such as:

  • Limit consumption of red meat, seafood, liver, nuts, and sardines.
  • Avoid smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages.
  • Avoid consumption of drinks containing artificial sweeteners, such as packaged or canned drinks.
  • Exercise regularly, which is for 20-30 minutes every day or at least 3 times a week.
  • Drink enough water to prevent dehydration and buildup of uric acid in the kidneys.

To prevent gout, it is important for you to maintain normal uric acid levels. If uric acid levels are too high and untreated, it can be dangerous to he alth.

Therefore, if you have a high uric acid test result or feel symptoms of uric acid rheumatism, consult your doctor so that you can get treatment.

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