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Hard to urinate can happen to anyone, no matter gender and age. One of the most common symptoms of this disorder is when the urge to urinate becomes unbearable, but it takes a long time for the urine to come out
It's hard to urinate to watch out for and should not be allowed. The reason is, this condition can cause infections and complications to other organs of the body, such as the kidneys and bladder. Especially if you have difficulty urinating for days.
Not only that, complaints of difficulty urinating that are not treated immediately can also cause pain in the stomach or back, cloudy or bloody urine, stuttering urination, fever, and vomiting.
The Cause of Difficult Urination
Difficult urination can be experienced by both men and women. However, the causes behind difficult urination between men and women can be different.
Here are some conditions or diseases that can cause complaints of difficulty urinating:
1. Swelling of the prostate
When the prostate is swollen, the urinary tract can be compressed. As a result, the flow of urine is not smooth and it takes longer to be excreted.
Swelling of the prostate in men can be caused by several things, ranging from benign prostate enlargement or BPH, inflammation of the prostate or prostatitis, to prostate cancer.
Urinary tract infection is one of the most common causes of difficulty urinating. When infected, the urinary tract or bladder will swell, making it difficult for urine to be expelled through the process of urination.
Urinary tract infections are more common in women, but men can get them too. Apart from urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections can also cause problems with urination.
3. Urinary stones
The formation of stones in the bladder or urinary tract can block the flow of urine, causing difficulty urinating.
In addition, the presence of stones in the urinary tract or bladder can also cause other complaints, such as pain when urinating, there are stones or sand-like deposits in the urine, reddish urine, to pain in the back or lower abdomen.
Surgeries on the kidneys, bladder, or urinary tract can sometimes lead to the formation of scar tissue in the urinary tract. This can be a cause of difficulty urinating in people who have had surgery.
In addition, the side effects of the anesthetic drugs used can also cause the same thing. However, these complaints usually subside after the anesthetic stops working.
5. Nervous disorder
Disorder or damage to the nervous system can interfere with the process of urination. Examples are spinal cord injury, stroke, diabetes, brain infection, or urinary retention.
6. Psychological problems
It's not only physical disorders that can make a person difficult to urinate, psychological disorders too.
One of the psychological problems associated with difficulty urinating is paruresis. This is a condition when a person has difficulty urinating because they feel uncomfortable when they have to urinate around other people.
7. Drug side effects
The process of urination can also be disrupted due to side effects of certain drugs.Some drugs that can cause difficulty urinating include antidepressants, sedatives, diuretics, blood pressure lowering drugs, muscle relaxants, allergy or antihistamine drugs, and bronchodilators.
How to Overcome Difficulty Urinating
When you have difficulty urinating, you can do several things to overcome it, namely:
- Do a gentle massage on the bladder which is located in the lower abdomen. This step can stimulate the elimination of urine to be smoother.
- Compress the lower abdomen with warm water. This method can make the muscles in the urinary tract more relaxed, making it easier to excrete urine.
- Overcome stress and anxiety. If you feel uncomfortable urinating around other people, try finding a quiet toilet.
- Drink enough water and stop the habit of holding pee frequently. This is important to prevent the formation of stones in the bladder or urinary tract.
If difficulty urinating does not improve with the above measures, you should immediately undergo an examination to the doctor. That way, the doctor can provide appropriate treatment according to the cause of your difficulty urinating, especially if this complaint is severe enough or lasts a long time.