Table of contents:
- Advantages of KB Implants
- Lack of KB implants
- Installation Process of KB Implant
- The Process of Release of KB Implants
KB implants or KB implants are a type of family planning that is relatively cheap and effective in preventing pregnancy. However, this type of family planning is still relatively rarely chosen in Indonesia, unlike birth control pills or birth control injections
KB implants or KB implants are contraceptives that contain the hormone progestogen. KB, which is in the form of a matchstick-like tube, is used by placing it under the skin of the upper arm. Birth control implants prevent pregnancy by releasing the hormone progesterone into the bloodstream.
This hormone can then prevent pregnancy by preventing the release of an egg (ovulation), thickening the mucus in the cervix, and thinning the lining of the uterus to make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If installed correctly, birth control implants can prevent pregnancy for 3 years.
However, like other types of contraception, KB implants also have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages of KB Implants
Here are some of the advantages of KB implants that are important for you to know:
1. Practical to use
By using an implant, you no longer have to bother taking birth control pills every day. This is certainly good for women who often forget to take birth control pills or don't take them regularly.
The implant is also more comfortable for women who are afraid of needles. KB implants can last longer, which is about 3 years, unlike injectable KB which requires you to get KB injections every 1 or 3 months.
2. Effectively prevent pregnancy
The use of KB implants that are installed correctly can provide up to 99% effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. This effect can last up to about 3-5 years.
The success of KB implants in preventing pregnancy is higher than other types of contraception, such as condoms or birth control pills.
3. The price is relatively cheap
The cost of KB implants can vary, but they are still cheap because for 3 years of use you only need to pay for installation and removal. In fact, for BPJS He alth participants, KB implants can be obtained for free.
4. Safe for breastfeeding mothers
Implantable KB is safe for breastfeeding mothers because this type of KB will not affect the production and quality of breast milk. In order to prevent pregnancy in breastfeeding mothers or those who have just given birth, it is recommended that the implant KB should be placed no later than the 21st day after delivery.
If it is inserted after more than 21 days, you will need to use additional contraceptive methods for the first few weeks, such as condoms, to avoid possible pregnancy.
Lack of KB implants
Behind the advantages, KB Implants also have some disadvantages, including:
Causing side effects
The use of implanted contraceptives or implants may cause side effects. Side effects of this birth control include pain and swelling of the skin around the implant, irregular menstrual patterns, mood swings, weight gain, breast tenderness, acne, abdominal pain, and headaches.
Does not protect against disease
Just like other hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills and birth control injections, KB implants cannot prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Therefore, in order to prevent the occurrence of the disease, you still need to use additional contraception in the form of condoms when having sex.
Not everyone is suitable
Although it provides convenience, not all women can use implants. Birth control implants should be avoided by women who have certain diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, impaired liver function, migraines, and high cholesterol.
In addition, women who have had blood clots, pulmonary embolism, or a history of breast cancer are also not advised to use implants.
Because not everyone can use birth control implants, you must consult a doctor first before using it. During your consultation, please provide your medical history so that your doctor can decide whether you are suitable for using an implantable birth control.
Installation Process of KB Implant
If the implant is approved by the doctor, usually the doctor will do a pregnancy test and advise you to use other non-hormonal contraceptives, such as condoms, for 1 week.
The use of other contraceptives is not necessary if at the time of insertion, you are on your period, which is the first 5 days of your menstrual cycle.
The process of placing the KB implant will begin with the injection of a local anesthetic in the lower part of your upper arm. Then, the doctor or midwife will insert the implant KB using a special tool.
After the implant KB installation process is complete, the doctor or midwife will bandage the KB installation location. The bandage can usually be removed after a few days.
The Process of Release of KB Implants
After 3 years of use, you need to go back to the doctor to get the KB implant removed. In the process of releasing it, the doctor will first inject a local anesthetic into the arm area.
After that, the doctor will make a small incision on your skin and look for the implant that has been inserted. When the KB implant is found, the doctor will take the KB implant using tweezers or clamps.After it is successfully removed, the doctor will cover the incision with a bandage.
In order for the installation and removal of KB implants to run smoothly, make sure the doctor or midwife who is working on it is experienced.
KB implants are generally safe to use. However, if you experience any complaints after getting an implant, such as pain or lump in the breast, heavy vaginal bleeding that doesn't stop, or symptoms of pregnancy, immediately consult a gynecologist for treatment.