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The causes of back pain can be different and can be identified by the intensity of the pain and other symptoms, such as nausea or pain that radiates to the neck
Back pain can be caused by mild and harmless conditions, it can also be caused by serious conditions. The location of the headache, the type and severity of the pain, and other symptoms may indicate the cause. However, of course a doctor's examination is needed to be sure.
Causes of Back Headache
Here are some causes of back pain:
1. Tension headache
Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. Some people can experience this condition when staring at a computer screen for a long time, lack of sleep, stress, fatigue, or eating late.
Tension headaches can be felt in all parts of the head, but are more dominant in the back of the head and forehead. During relapse, sufferers can also feel pressure behind the head, eyes, and neck.
This type of headache can usually subside with rest or the use of pain relievers, such as paracetamol.
2. Chronic daily headache
Tension headaches over time can develop into chronic daily headaches. This condition is characterized by daily headaches, including in the back of the head, which usually lasts for 3 months in a row.
The cause of chronic daily headaches is not known for certain. However, this condition is thought to result from a neck injury, fatigue, eye muscle strain, too much caffeine or alcohol intake, or dehydration.
3. Headache during physical activity
This condition, also known as exertional headache, is triggered by quite tiring physical activity, such as lifting weights, running long distances, having sex, or pushing too hard during a bowel movement. In addition, this condition can also sometimes arise due to stress.
Exertional headaches often cause pain like throbbing on both sides of the back of the head. Usually, this headache is not a sign of a serious he alth problem.
4. Occipital neuralgia (occipital neuralgia)
Occipital neuralgia is inflammation of the occipital nerve which is at the back of the head. This condition can cause sharp, piercing pain (like electric shock) in the back of the head, neck, and ears.
Occipital neuralgia can occur due to various factors, such as injuries to the back of the head, strained neck muscles, arthritis of the neck, tumors in the neck, infections, diabetes, and inflammation of blood vessels.
5. Basilar Migraine
The next cause of back headaches is basilar migraine. This type of migraine usually begins with aura symptoms, namely blurred vision or temporary loss of vision, dizziness, ringing in the ears, nausea, and impaired speech or hearing.
Although generally not dangerous, headaches due to basilar migraine still need to be watched out for because they can be similar to the symptoms of a stroke.
In addition to the causes above, back headaches can also be caused by poor posture, spinal cord disorders or pinched nerves in the neck (hernia nucleus pulposus), and cluster headaches.
Beware of Possible Dangerous Back Headache
Back pain is often harmless and will subside on its own. However, this complaint still deserves attention, especially if it shows the following characteristics:
- Backache accompanied by high fever, vomiting, and red eyes
- Backache comes on suddenly, is unbearable, and gets worse when sitting or standing
- Speech disorders or difficulty maintaining balance or body coordination
- Changes in behavior, memory impairment, seizures, or coma
- Back pain occurs after a history of head injury
- Backache doesn't improve or gets worse even though it's been treated with painkillers
So, if you experience a headache that is accompanied by the above symptoms, immediately see a doctor for further examination.This is important so that the doctor can determine the cause of your back pain and provide the right treatment.