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The causes of headaches on the left can vary, ranging from lifestyle, food, to certain diseases. So that the pain can be resolved in the right way and to anticipate dangerous conditions, identify the causes of left-sided headaches and their characteristics
Left headaches can come on slowly or suddenly and often feel like a sharp or throbbing pain. Usually this condition recovers within a few hours. However, if the pain persists, this could be a sign of a more serious condition.
Recognizing the Cause of Left Headache
There are several causes of headaches on the left. One of them is an unhe althy lifestyle, such as the habit of drinking alcohol, delaying eating, lack of sleep, and stress.
In addition, certain foods can also trigger left-sided headaches, such as foods that contain preservatives, nuts, and processed meats. Excessive s alt intake can also cause a person to experience headaches more easily.
There are also several medical conditions that can trigger left-sided headaches, including:
1. Cluster headaches and migraines
Headaches can be felt all over the head, but they can also be heavier or focused in certain areas, such as the left or right side of the head.Headaches that feel more dominant on one side of the head are usually caused by cluster headaches or migraines.
This condition usually occurs more often when fatigue, stress, lack of sleep, or certain stimuli, such as a strong smell or bright light. The duration of left-sided headaches due to migraines or cluster headaches also varies, from just a few minutes to a whole day.
2. Infections and allergies
Respiratory tract infections, such as the flu, are often accompanied by symptoms of fever, cough, runny nose, and headache. Meanwhile, allergic reactions can trigger the airways and sinus cavities to narrow, thus triggering a headache on the left. This condition is generally more common in people who have sinusitis.
3. Trigeminal neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder of the trigeminal nerve which functions to transmit physical sensations or stimuli from the facial area to the brain. This condition can be characterized by pain on one side of the face, making it possible to trigger a headache on the left.
4. High blood pressure
Even though it doesn't have typical physical symptoms, high blood pressure can trigger a tension sensation in the neck, up to headaches, including headaches on the left.
A sudden and severe headache can be a sign of a stroke. Therefore, you need to be alert if you experience these symptoms and consult a doctor immediately, especially if it is accompanied by weakness on one side of the body and difficulty swallowing or speaking.
Concussion is usually caused by an impact or a hard blow that results in injury to the brain. A concussion can cause symptoms, including a left-sided headache.
7. Brain tumor
Brain tumor is a condition when tumor or cancer cells grow in brain tissue. Tumors can cause intense, sudden, recurring headaches, and along with other symptoms, such as loss of vision, impaired speech, difficulty walking, frequent vomiting, and seizures.
How to Overcome Left Headache
To relieve the pain on the left side of the head, you can try various home remedies, such as:
- Warm or cold compress on the head that hurts.
- Warm shower.
- Get enough rest, i.e. sleep for 7 to 9 hours every day.
- Listen to relaxing music.
If necessary, you can take over-the-counter medicines, such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, or aspirin.
However, if the headache on the left side or anywhere you feel is getting worse, you should visit a doctor so that this complaint can be treated immediately. To relieve complaints of headaches on the left or headaches that don't go away, doctors can give some of the following medicines:
- NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as naproxen, to help relieve severe headaches
- Beta blockers,such as atenolol, metoprolol, and propranolol, to treat high blood pressure and prevent episodic migraine
- Anticonvulsant drugs,such as topiramate, divalproex sodium, and gabapentin, to prevent and treat migraines and chronic headaches
- Antidepressant drugs,such as amitriptyline, to help treat depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances that accompany chronic headaches
- Botulinum toxin, or injections of onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox) to help relieve tension in the head muscles and can be an option for people who are incompatible with other drugs
It is important to remember that these medicines should only be used as prescribed by a doctor. Therefore, if you experience a headache on the left side that is sudden, intense, does not go away, or to the point that it interferes with daily activities, you should immediately consult a doctor.