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Dry hair can occur when the scalp does not produce enough oil to moisturize the hair or when the protective layer of the hair (cuticle) is damaged. By avoiding various causes and doing the right hair care, dry hair can be overcome
The problem of dry hair is generally characterized by complaints in the form of hair looking damaged, dull, not shiny, easily tangled or difficult to manage, and easily broken so that it often looks like hair falling out when combed.
Various Causes of Dry Hair
There are several factors that can cause dry hair, including:
Although it can be experienced by people of all ages, the risk of dry hair increases with age.
Because, as you get older, the natural production of hair oil will also decrease, so the hair becomes dry. In addition, in women, post-menopausal hormonal changes can also cause hair to become dry.
When the aging process occurs, hair will not only become drier, but also break easily, become brittle, and turn white or gray in color.
Environmental conditions are also one of the factors that can cause dry hair. A person can experience dry hair if they are often in a dry and hot place.
In addition, dry hair can also be caused by excessive or too frequent sun exposure, as well as the habit of swimming in chlorinated pools or in the sea.
Hair care does not always make hair he althy, because sometimes improper hair care can also cause hair to become dry, for example:
- Washing hair too often
- Using harsh chemical shampoos, conditioners or styling products
- Hair coloring
- Using a hairdryer, straightener, or curling iron too often
He alth condition
Poor he alth conditions or certain diseases can also cause hair to be unable to retain its natural moisture, resulting in dry hair.
Here are some diseases or medical conditions that can cause dry hair:
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa
- Malnutrition or malnutrition
- hormonal disorders, such as hypoparathyroidism and hypothyroidism
- Menkes Syndrome, which is a rare genetic condition when the body can't absorb enough copper, affecting hair he alth
How To Treat Dry Hair
Usually dry hair can be treated by changing the way you care for your hair. Below is a series of dry hair treatments that you can try, so that your hair can become more moisturized and he althier:
1. Avoid washing your hair too often
To repair dry hair, it is recommended that you wash your hair once every 2 days or whenever your hair feels oily and limp. When washing your hair, use a shampoo and conditioner that contains dimethicone, zinc pyrithione, and guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride.
The three ingredients are believed to be able to moisturize the hair and prevent hair loss and dry scalp which can trigger the appearance of dandruff.
Some shampoo products also add some natural ingredients, such as honey and argan oil. These two natural ingredients are useful for moisturizing and softening hair, preventing hair breakage, and maintaining a he althy scalp.
2. Wear a hair mask
To nourish your hair and scalp, you can use a hair mask with natural ingredients, such as olive oil, aloe vera, or coconut oil. These ingredients can make hair softer and moisturize dry hair.
3. Don't be exposed to the heat often
Avoid styling your hair too often using hot temperatures, such as using a hair dryer, curling iron or straightener.
When bathing, you should also avoid using hot water too often. After shampooing, you can simply dry your hair with a towel slowly and gently, so that the moisture in your hair is maintained.
4. Protect hair from the sun
To prevent dry hair, you should avoid the habit of sunbathing too long in the sun. If you have to do activities under UV light, make it a habit to wear hair protection, such as a hat or umbrella.
5. Avoid using hair products that contain harsh chemicals
Hair can also be dry due to overexposure to harsh chemicals, such as alcohol, fragrances, or dyes. Therefore, you need to be careful in having hair care products. Avoid hair products that contain isopropyl alcohol, propyl alcohol, propanol or SD alcohol 40.
In addition, you can improve dry hair by cutting your hair regularly. It can also prevent hair from splitting.
Those are a series of causes of dry hair and how to treat them. To improve dry hair, you must also adopt a he althy diet to nourish your hair from within and prevent conditions that can cause dry hair, such as anemia.
If the condition of dry hair does not improve even though you have done the methods above or other complaints arise, such as hair loss, baldness, or body fatigue, you should consult a doctor so that an appropriate examination and treatment can be carried out.