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Suicide is an act of someone to end his life. This condition is closely related to mental he alth problems, such as depression, and can happen to anyone. Therefore, it is important to recognize the signs of suicide so that preventive measures can be taken immediately
Suicide is still a serious problem around the world. Various studies show that around 1.5 million people worldwide died by suicide in 2020. In Indonesia alone, the number of suicide deaths is estimated at 9,000 cases every year.
A person who decides to commit suicide can do so in various ways, from hanging himself, taking drugs to overdose, drinking toxic liquids, to jumping from buildings or high places.
Factors that Trigger Someone to Suicide
Thoughts to commit suicide can be experienced by anyone, especially those who experience severe stress or mental pressure, he alth problems, and mental problems. The following are some conditions that can increase a person's risk of suicide:
1. Bipolar disorder
People with bipolar disorder will experience very drastic mood swings. For example, he may suddenly feel sad or dispirited, even though he was previously happy and very enthusiastic.
If left untreated, people with bipolar disorder are at high risk of attempting suicide.
2. Severe depression
People who have major depression are also at high risk for suicide. This condition is generally characterized by feelings of hopelessness, bad mood, lack of enthusiasm for carrying out daily activities, or loss of interest and motivation in life. These symptoms can even appear for no apparent reason.
3. Anorexia nervosa
People with anorexia nervosa always feel that they are fat, so they make various efforts to lose weight, including excessive consumption of drugs and risk of overdose.
The death rate due to suicide is quite high in people with this eating disorder, especially in adolescent girls.
4. Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have unstable emotions and sometimes find it difficult to socialize. People with this disorder generally have a history of sexual abuse in their childhood and have a higher risk of suicide.
The characteristics of people with schizophrenia are often hallucinating, paranoid or difficult to believe in others, behave strangely, and have an understanding or belief in things that are not necessarily real.
It is estimated that about 5% of people with this mental disorder end their lives by committing suicide.
6. Addictive disorder
Addiction disorder is a behavior disorder that causes a person to become very dependent or addicted to certain things, such as cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, or drugs.
In addition, addiction disorders can also be in the form of addiction to certain activities, such as addiction to shopping, playing games, sex, or gambling. People with addiction disorders are known to have a higher risk of suicide.
In addition to some of the mental he alth disorders above, there are other factors that can also trigger a person to commit suicide, including:
- Has a history of emotional or sexual abuse, including sodomy or rape
- Having social and economic problems, such as losing a job or getting into debt
- Experiencing stressful life events, such as rejection, divorce, or the loss of a loved one
- Being a victim of bullying
- Has trouble sleeping
Signs of Suicide
There are several signs that can be shown or shown by someone who has suicidal thoughts, including:
- Frequently talk about or think about death
- Mood often changes, for example, quickly angry or offended
- Have you ever thought about or even tried to hurt yourself
- Ever conveyed or even threatened to commit suicide
- Withdrawing from the people around him
- Often feeling anxious or restless
- Looking uninspired or gloomy
- Loss of interest in doing things you used to enjoy
- Difficulty sleeping
- Feeling helpless, ashamed, guilty, or no future
- Start looking for information on how to kill yourself
When you see someone showing these signs or experiencing a condition that could lead to suicide, you should be vigilant. As much as possible, give attention so that he does not feel alone. Also invite him to consult a psychologist or psychiatrist.
If you are feeling suicidal yourself or have suicidal ideation, immediately consult a psychologist or psychiatrist for help and proper treatment.