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Drinking water suitable for consumption must meet several criteria, such as colorless, odorless, and does not contain harmful substances. This criterion is important for you to know in order to avoid he alth problems due to consumption of drinking water that is not proper
Consuming drinking water every day is important to maintain a he althy body condition. Drinking water is useful for preventing dehydration, helping the digestive system, protecting body tissues, and maintaining he althy bones and joints.
However, you still need to pay attention to the quality of the water you drink in order to avoid various diseases caused by consuming unfit water, ranging from diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, to cancer.
Criteria for Adequate Drinking Water
Criteria for he althy and safe drinking water may vary from country to country. However, according to WHO and the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia, drinking water suitable for consumption must meet the following criteria:
1. Has no smell, color and taste
The criteria for drinking water can be judged easily by the human senses. Water that is safe and suitable for consumption is water that is colorless, odorless, and has no taste or taste.
You need to avoid drinking water that looks cloudy or cloudy, smells bad, or tastes weird, as this can indicate that the drinking water has been contaminated with germs, bacteria, or harmful chemicals, which can cause disease..
2. Not in high temperature
Temperature is one of the important parameters in determining whether drinking water is suitable for consumption or not. This is because drinking water sources exposed to high temperatures can trigger the growth of microorganisms and make drinking water polluted.
An example is some types of Coliform bacteria that can grow and thrive when drinking water is at 37°C. Meanwhile, the number of E. Coli bacteria can increase in water with a temperature of 44.2°C.
3. Does not contain harmful microorganisms
The next criteria for drinking water that is suitable for consumption is that it does not contain microorganisms that are harmful to he alth, such as E. Coli and Salmonella, which can cause diarrhea.
Although it is difficult to see directly, you can avoid drinking water that contains microorganisms by keeping drinking water sources away from toilets and landfills and avoiding sunlight.
In addition, if you consume bottled drinking water, make sure the drinking water has a distribution permit from BPOM, is still well sealed, the packaging is not damaged, and stored in a place that is not exposed to direct sunlight.
4. Does not contain harmful chemicals
In addition to microorganisms, drinking water must also not contain chemicals that are harmful to the body, such as arsenic, ammonia, benzene, lead, and mercury.
Consumption of drinking water containing hazardous chemicals can increase the risk of cancer, kidney damage, disorders of the reproductive system, and mental and physical development disorders.
The presence of harmful chemicals in drinking water can be seen at a glance from the smell and taste. Drinking water that contains harmful chemicals, such as heavy metals, usually has a strong odor and tastes like metal.
5. Has a pH between 6.5–8.5
Although the pH of drinking water does not have a direct impact on body he alth, pH is one of the important parameters in determining the quality of drinking water.
Water with a pH that is too low is usually more easily contaminated with pollutants that are harmful to the he alth of the body. In addition, this type of water can also cause corrosion or rust in drinking water channels which will later make the water contaminated and unfit for consumption.
Meanwhile, alkaline water or alkaline water with a pH of 8 or 9 usually does not have a bad impact on he alth. However, consuming water with a pH that is too high is at risk of causing alkalosis. This condition is usually accompanied by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
The criteria for drinking water that are suitable for consumption above can help you avoid diseases caused by drinking water that has been contaminated. Thus, the he alth of your body and your family is maintained.In order to maintain the cleanliness and quality of drinking water, you can also use a water filter.
In addition to drinking water that is suitable for consumption, you are also advised to live a he althy lifestyle, such as eating nutritious foods, exercising regularly, and not smoking to increase endurance and prevent attacks from various diseases.
If you experience certain symptoms after consuming drinking water, such as nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and diarrhea, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.