Don't Take Antibiotics Carefully

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Don't Take Antibiotics Carefully
Don't Take Antibiotics Carefully
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Consuming antibiotics should be done according to the doctor's instructions. If consumed carelessly, antibiotics can not cure disease, but instead cause various he alth problems

Antibiotics are a group of drugs that can eradicate and prevent the growth of bacteria that cause disease or infection. This medicine can only be purchased with a doctor's prescription and used according to the doctor's instructions.

Don't Carelessly Take Antibiotics - Alodokter

Bacterial infections that are classified as mild usually recover on their own, so they don't require antibiotics.

The use of new antibiotics is required in cases of severe bacterial infection or in patients with weakened immune conditions, such as cancer or HIV patients, who have bacterial infections.

In order for antibiotics to work effectively and safely, the doctor will consider several things before prescribing antibiotics, namely the type of germ or bacteria causing the infection, the patient's condition, the type of antibiotic, as well as the dose and duration of antibiotic use.

Therefore, you are not advised to buy and use antibiotics carelessly without a prescription or doctor's advice.

Diseases That Can Be Treated with Antibiotics

As previously stated, antibiotics are used to treat and prevent bacterial infections. The following are some types of diseases caused by bacterial infections that can be treated with antibiotics:

  • Pneumonia due to bacterial infection
  • urinary tract infection
  • typhoid fever or typhus
  • Sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia
  • Meningitis
  • Sepsis

Antibiotic drugs cannot be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as flu, smallpox, herpes, shingles, or dengue fever. In addition, antibiotics are also not effective for treating infections caused by fungi or parasites, such as worms.

Selection of Antibiotic Type

There are many types of antibiotics. The doctor will determine the type of antibiotic used based on the type of germ that causes the infection and the reaction of the germ to the antibiotic.

The following are some types of antibiotics that doctors can prescribe:

  • Betalactams, such as penicillin, amoxicillin, and meropenem
  • Cephalosporins, such as cefixime, cefadroxil, cefdenir, and ceftriaxone
  • Aminoglycosides, including tobramycin, gentamicin, and amikacin
  • Quinolones, eg levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and moxifloxacin
  • Macrolides, such as azithromycin, clarithromycin, and erythromycin
  • Clindamycin
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Tetracyclines, such as doxycicline and minocycline

If a doctor prescribes antibiotics, you must take them according to the dose given and on time. For example, antibiotics on a schedule of 3 times a day need to be taken every 8 hours and antibiotics with a schedule of 2 times a day need to be taken every 12 hours. It is important to remember, antibiotics must be finished.

If consumed carelessly or against the rules, antibiotics will not work effectively or can actually cause various dangerous side effects.

Various Side Effects of Antibiotics

Antibiotics are generally safe if taken according to doctor's instructions and prescriptions. However, sometimes there can be some side effects, such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Fungal infection
  • stomach ache
  • Headache or dizziness

Side effects that appear due to antibiotics can vary, depending on the type, dose, and duration of antibiotic use.

In certain cases, antibiotics can also cause more serious side effects, such as kidney damage, hearing loss, impaired liver function, blood disorders, and bone marrow disorders.

Inappropriate use of antibiotics, for example not taking antibiotics, can also have a dangerous impact, namely the occurrence of antibiotic resistance. This means that germs become resistant to these antibiotics, making the infection more difficult to treat.

Beware of Antibiotic Allergic Reactions

Some people can experience allergic reactions to certain types of antibiotics. Therefore, the doctor will generally ask if you have a history of antibiotic allergies or drug allergies.

People who are allergic to certain antibiotics can experience allergic reactions, such as itchy skin and hives, cough, shortness of breath, diarrhea, weakness, or swelling of the lips and eyelids, after taking these antibiotics.

In certain cases, allergic reactions to antibiotics can be severe and can be life-threatening, such as anaphylactic reactions and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Therefore, before taking antibiotics, first consult with your doctor, either directly or through a he alth application, so that the doctor can prescribe antibiotics with the right type and dose. Do not just take antibiotics, so you avoid dangerous side effects.

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