About Propolis and its He alth Benefits

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About Propolis and its He alth Benefits
About Propolis and its He alth Benefits

In addition to producing honey, bees can also produce a product called propolis. Propolis has been used for a long time as a herbal medicine that is claimed to cure various diseases. That is why, propolis is widely consumed as a he alth supplement

Propolis is produced from the sap of plants used by bees to cover or repair gaps in their hives. Since thousands of years ago, propolis has been used to treat wounds, infections, and help the recovery process in times of illness. In addition, several other processed products from bees, such as beeswax and bee pollen are also often used as traditional medicine.

About Propolis and Its Benefits for He alth - Alodokter

Facts and Content of Propolis

Propolis generally contains substances and nutrients similar to honey, so it is good for he alth and beauty. The following are some of the substances and nutrients contained in propolis:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Fat
  • Protein
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Iron
  • Vitamin B
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E

Propolis also contains other substances, such as antioxidant polyphenols and flavonoids, as well as essential oils.

However, the composition of propolis can vary depending on the location of the bees and the plants used for nesting. Propolis from Europe may contain slightly different nutrients and substances from propolis from Asia or America.

The Benefits of Propolis Based on Medical Research

Propolis is usually contained in honey even though the levels are only small. In addition, propolis is also often found in the form of supplements, ointments or lotions, toothpaste, and mouthwash.

Several studies show that propolis has antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. This makes propolis claimed to have several he alth benefits, including:

1. Heals wounds on the skin

Propolis has been used since ancient times as a medicine to heal wounds on the skin, including minor burns.

A study also states that propolis can speed up the wound healing process. This is due to the content of substances in propolis which have antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties.

2. Control blood sugar and cholesterol levels

One of the well-known benefits of propolis is reducing cholesterol and blood sugar. Some research shows that propolis can keep blood sugar levels stable and prevent insulin resistance which can cause type 2 diabetes.

In addition, propolis is also useful for reducing bad cholesterol (LDL) and increasing good cholesterol (HDL). This effect makes propolis good for consumption to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, such as stroke and heart disease.

Unfortunately, the research is still limited to small-scale studies. Until now, further research is needed to assess the effectiveness and safety of the benefits of this one propolis.

3. Overcoming gingivitis

Propolis has been used for a long time to clean teeth, gums, and mouth. Several studies have also shown that propolis in the form of a gel or mouthwash appears to be able to prevent and relieve gingivitis.

This is due to the content of substances that have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects in the herbal ingredients.

4. Relieve pain and swelling in joints

Pain and swelling in the joints are often caused by inflammation, for example in osteoarthritis. This disease can be treated with medication, adequate rest time, and maintaining an ideal body weight.

The condition of arthritis is also believed to be overcome with the use of propolis. However, you should consult a doctor if you want to use propolis to treat this condition.

5. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells

Propolis has antioxidant compounds that can inhibit the growth of cancer cells. These antioxidant compounds also play an important role in protecting body cells from free radical damage.

6. Strengthen body resistance

Having a strong immune system is very important so that the body is not susceptible to disease. Some research shows that propolis can keep the immune system strong, so the body is not susceptible to infection.

However, there are no studies that can confirm that this herbal product is effective and safe to use as a treatment or prevention of infectious diseases.

Therefore, to keep your immune system strong, you need to do other ways, such as regular exercise, eating nutritious food, getting enough rest, and reducing stress.

7. Maintain brain function and he alth

Propolis is also beneficial for brain he alth and function. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant substances in propolis are known to support the process of repairing nerve tissue and the brain, as well as improve memory.

Some studies have even shown that consuming propolis appears to reduce the risk of developing dementia or dementia.

In addition, propolis is also believed to relieve symptoms or reduce the risk of several diseases, such as thrush, tuberculosis, throat cancer, yeast infections in the mouth, diarrhea, intestinal worms, and vaginitis.

However, keep in mind, the effectiveness and safety of propolis to treat certain diseases is still uncertain and needs to be investigated further.

Things to Pay Attention to Before Using Propolis

There are several things that must be considered before consuming propolis, especially if you have the following conditions:


Some experts believe that a number of chemicals in propolis can worsen your asthma. In addition, if you have an allergy to bee products, you should avoid consuming propolis.

Bleeding disorders or diseases

If you have a bleeding disorder or disease, you should avoid propolis. Compounds contained in propolis may interfere with the blood clotting process, so you can be at risk of bleeding.

You should also not take supplements or herbal products containing propolis for at least 2 weeks, if you are about to undergo surgery.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women

Until now, there has not been much research showing the effects and safety of propolis in pregnant and lactating women. Therefore, pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult a doctor first before consuming propolis.

Propolis is generally safe if consumed according to the instructions for use listed on the product packaging. However, if you have certain medical conditions or diseases, you should first consult a doctor before taking propolis.

In addition, when you want to buy or consume propolis, make sure that the product is registered with the BPOM so that its safety is guaranteed.

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