Giving Birth with Forceps, How it Works and What You Need to Know

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Giving Birth with Forceps, How it Works and What You Need to Know
Giving Birth with Forceps, How it Works and What You Need to Know

Giving birth with forceps can be one way to help the birth process of a baby in normal delivery. This method is usually used under certain conditions, such as labor that has lasted a long time or when the mother is too tired to push

Forceps is a tool used to remove the baby from the birth canal during delivery. The shape resembles a pair of large spoons used to clamp the baby's head and remove the baby from the mother's vagina.

Childbirth with Forceps, How it Works and What You Need to Know - Alodokter

Doctors can use these tools to facilitate the normal delivery process, that is, as long as the mother is still experiencing uterine contractions.

How Do Forceps Work?

Before using forceps, doctors will usually try other methods, such as giving the mother an injection of medicine to strengthen uterine contractions or by giving anesthesia (anaesthesia) to facilitate the process of pushing.

If these methods don't work to support the delivery process, the doctor may consider using forceps.

Before using forceps, the doctor will give the pregnant woman an epidural or spinal anesthetic and put a urinary catheter to empty the mother's bladder.

To facilitate the delivery process, the doctor will also perform an episiotomy procedure, namely by making an incision in the birth canal to facilitate the process of removing the baby with the help of forceps.

When are Forceps Required ?

There are several conditions that make doctors choose to use forceps to help normal delivery processes in pregnant women, including:

  • Incorrect baby head position
  • Mom is tired and unable to push or push baby out
  • Long or stuck labor
  • History of certain diseases, heart disease or asthma
  • Bleeding during labor

However, there are also some conditions that make it impossible to give birth with the help of forceps, including:

  • The position of the baby's head is unknown
  • The baby's shoulders or arms cover the birth canal
  • Narrow hips
  • CPD (Cephalopelvic disproportion)
  • The cervix can't be fully opened

In certain cases, the doctor will also perform a vacuum extraction procedure to assist in delivery if the use of forceps does not work. If both techniques are still not effective in removing the baby, a cesarean section may be required.

What are the Risks of Giving Birth with Forceps?

Delivering with the help of forceps can pose risks to both mother and baby. The following are the risks that can occur to the mother when undergoing the birth process with the help of forceps:

  • Tear in perineum
  • Injuries or wounds to the vagina or uterus
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Urine or stool incontinence
  • Postpartum Bleeding
  • Injury to the urinary tract or bladder
  • Shift of organs in the pelvis due to weakening of the muscles and ligaments around the pelvis
  • Bleeding and infection

Giving birth with the help of forceps can also pose some risks to the baby, such as:

  • Seizure
  • Head or face injury
  • crack in skull
  • Bleeding in the skull
  • eye injury
  • Facial nerve disorders due to injury

Therefore, the doctor will consider the benefits and risks before carrying out this procedure.

What are the Tips After Undergoing Childbirth with Forceps?

To speed up the recovery process after a normal delivery with the help of forceps, you can do the following tips:

  • Give a warm or cold compress to the body that feels pain.
  • Sit down slowly and carefully. If the seat feels hard, use a soft cushion to sit on.
  • Avoid straining too hard when defecating, because it can put pressure on the wound so it will be painful.
  • Do Kegel exercises to train the pelvic floor muscles and help the recovery process.
  • Drink enough water and increase your fiber intake.

In addition to the tips above, you can also use herbal remedies, such as applying lavender oil to areas of the body that are injured during childbirth.

Research says that lavender oil has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects that can speed up wound healing. However, consult your doctor first before using it.

If your condition does not improve or you have complaints, such as fever, discharge of pus from the vagina, and feeling weak, during the recovery period after giving birth with forceps, immediately contact a doctor so that treatment can be carried out immediately.

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