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Vertigo can recur at any time, whether during activities or even resting. Therefore, it is important to know how to treat vertigo independently, so that the vertigo symptoms you experience can immediately subside and you can resume your activities
Vertigo can appear suddenly and occur only occasionally, but it can also recur frequently. In addition to causing sensations of dizziness and nausea, vertigo can also cause nystagmus or uncontrolled eye movements.
The causes of vertigo can vary, for example, abnormalities in the body's balance regulating system in the inner ear (peripheral vertigo) or disturbances in the cerebellum which functions to regulate body coordination (central vertigo).
In certain cases, vertigo can also occur due to certain diseases, such as Beningn Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), Meniere's disease, stroke, and acoustic neuroma.
Mild vertigo that occurs occasionally can generally be treated with several independent vertigo treatment steps at home. However, if vertigo often recurs or is caused by certain diseases, immediate medical attention is needed.
Various Ways to Handle Vertigo Independently
Recurring vertigo, especially one that occurs suddenly, can make you anxious or even panicky. To overcome the vertigo complaints, there are several ways or tips that can be done, including:
- Try to stay calm.
- Immediately sit down and close your eyes, if vertigo symptoms appear while standing.
- Avoid lying on your side by resting on the side of your head that is experiencing vertigo.
- Sleep with your head slightly elevated or higher.
- Enough fluid intake by drinking water.
- Use lighting when you wake up at night.
- Try taking herbal vertigo medicine, but the effectiveness of this medicine is not clear and still needs to be investigated further.
To prevent vertigo from recurring, you can also try the following tips:
- Avoid getting up too quickly when you wake up because it can trigger vertigo. Get used to sitting for a while before getting out of bed after waking up.
- Move your head slowly and carefully while on the move.
- Avoid sports that require fast movement, such as basketball and football.
- Stop smoking and limit alcohol consumption.
- Reduce s alt and fatty food intake.
- Turn down the volume or music when using earphones.
Some Exercises to Overcome Vertigo Complaints
When vertigo recurs, try not to panic and immediately sit or lie down, then close your eyes. In addition, you can also perform the following movements or maneuvers to independently treat vertigo symptoms at home:
The following are the steps to perform the Epley movement or maneuver:
- Take a sitting position on the bed and tilt your head up to 45 degrees to the side experiencing vertigo (right or left).
- Position a pillow to support the upper back, so that the position of the head is slightly tilted up when you lie down.
- Move your body carefully to lie on the bed with your head still tilted at 45 degrees. Hold the position for 30–60 seconds until the dizziness subsides.
- When lying down, turn your head 90 degrees in the opposite direction and hold this position for 30–60 seconds until the dizziness subsides.
- While maintaining the head position, position the body facing the tilted side of the head.
- If the dizziness subsides, you can slowly sit back down.
In addition to treating vertigo symptoms, the Epley maneuver can also be used to prevent vertigo from recurring.
Half Somersault or Foster Maneuver
You can do the half sommersault move with the following steps:
- Take a kneeling position and stare at the ceiling for a few seconds.
- Bow down until your forehead touches the floor and faces your knees so that it resembles a prostrate position. Maintain this position for approximately 30 seconds.
- Still in the same position, tilt your head 45 degrees to the side experiencing vertigo. For example, if your dizziness turns to the left, turn your head to the left. Hold for 30 seconds.
- Raise your head quickly until it is parallel to your back, while your knees and hands touch the floor. Keep your head tilted at 45 degrees for 30 seconds.
- Keep your head tilted to the side affected by vertigo and try to stand up slowly.
- If you still feel vertigo, repeat the movement 15 minutes apart.
If you have trouble following the above movements, you can learn the Epley maneuver or Foster maneuver through video tutorials on the internet.
Mild vertigo that recurs occasionally may be managed independently at home with some of the tips previously mentioned. However, if your vertigo does not go away or recurs frequently, you should consult a doctor for proper examination and treatment. To treat vertigo, the doctor may give you vertigo medication.