Recognizing Different Types of Slimming Drugs and Their Side Effects

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Recognizing Different Types of Slimming Drugs and Their Side Effects
Recognizing Different Types of Slimming Drugs and Their Side Effects

Slimming drugs are often used as a way to achieve the desired weight. However, this type of drug can also cause side effects, so you need to be more careful in using it

Having a slim and ideal body is certainly everyone's dream. To make it happen, some people may use slimming drugs to lose weight.

Get to know the various types of slimming drugs and their side effects - Alodokter

There are many types of slimming drugs that are claimed to be effective for weight loss. However, like all types of drugs, these drugs also have side effects.

Some Types of Slimming Drugs and Their Side Effects

The following are some kinds of slimming drugs and their side effects:


Orlistat is one of the drugs used to lose weight. This drug is usually prescribed by doctors to treat obese people who have a history of hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease.

This weight loss drug works by preventing the absorption of fat in the digestive tract. The unabsorbed fat is then excreted from the body through feces.

The slimming drug orlistat can cause several side effects, including:

  • Fatty or greasy stool
  • stomach cramps
  • Digestive disorders, such as diarrhea and frequent farts
  • Disorders of absorption of nutrients, such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K

The side effects of orlistat are generally mild and temporary. Slimming drugs with this content can be used in the long term, but must be under the supervision of a doctor. While using the slimming drug orlistat, you may be advised by your doctor to take additional vitamin supplements.


Phentermine can be used to help with a diet program. This drug is known to reduce appetite and increase the amount of energy used by the body.

Although it can lose weight, this slimming drug can cause various side effects, including:

  • Digestive disorders, such as diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and vomiting
  • Insomnia
  • Headache
  • Tingling
  • Tremors or body shaking
  • Shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • Heart pounding
  • Increase in blood pressure

In addition, this drug is also at risk of causing addiction so it is not suitable for use by people who have a history of drug use. Phentermine can only be used for a short period of time or for a few weeks and must be taken according to the doctor's prescription and instructions.

Because it has various side effects, this slimming drug is not recommended for consumption by pregnant women, nursing mothers, and people who have a history of stroke, uncontrolled hypertension, heart disease, congestive heart failure, thyroid disorders, and glaucoma.

Qysmia: combination of phentermine and topiramate

Qysmia is a weight loss drug which is a combination of the drugs phentermine and topiramate. The way this slimming drug works is to reduce appetite.

Qysmia can cause side effects such as:

  • Tingling hands and feet
  • Dizziness or headache
  • Insomnia
  • Constipation
  • Dry mouth, dysgeusia
  • Eye disorders
  • Heart pounding
  • Risk of birth defects, if consumed by pregnant women

This drug is not recommended for consumption by pregnant women, women planning to become pregnant, and people with hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, stroke, or heart disease. Qysmia can be consumed in the long term as long as it is prescribed and under the supervision of a doctor.

Slimming Drugs with Natural Ingredients

In addition to the three ingredients above, some slimming drugs also contain natural ingredients. The following are some types of natural slimming drugs:

1. Green tea extract

Some research shows that green tea extract is useful in increasing the body's metabolism so that it can lose weight.However, weight loss by consuming green tea extract was considered not too significant. Therefore, you still need to have a he althy diet and exercise regularly to lose weight.

2. Green coffee extract

Green coffee comes from coffee beans that have not been roasted. Although green coffee is believed to be able to lose weight, a study states that the benefits of green coffee extract in losing weight are still very small.

3. Chitosan

Chitosan is a sugar-like compound found in the shells of shrimp, lobster, and crab. Chitosan is widely used as a supplement for weight loss. However, the effect of chitosan as a new slimming drug is effective if it is accompanied by regular exercise and a he althy diet.

4. Chromium

This compound can increase the body's metabolism so it is believed to be able to lose weight. Because of its effects, chromium is widely sold as a supplement or slimming drug.

However, the effectiveness and safety of using chromium supplements for body slimming is still unclear and needs to be investigated further.

5. Acai give

Various products containing acai berries are believed to help lose weight. This fruit was widely discussed as a slimming herbal ingredient, but actually there has been no research that can prove this.

6. Garcinia cambogia

Consumption of Garcinia cambogia is believed to reduce appetite and prevent the formation of fat tissue so that it can slim the body. However, various studies show that the slimming effect of this plant is not very significant.

In addition to the drugs and natural ingredients above, there are also ingredients in slimming drugs that can be dangerous if consumed, such as sibutramine, ephedra, rimonabant, and zimulti.

These ingredients are known to cause some side effects, such as seizures, increased blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances, and mood swings.In certain cases, these ingredients can even increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, and bleeding disorders.

Things to Pay Attention to Before Using Slimming Drugs

The following are some things you need to pay attention to before deciding to use slimming products or drugs:

Check the product label carefully

Almost all slimming drugs, including over-the-counter ones, have side effects. Therefore, remember to always read the instructions for use and the side effects of each slimming drug, especially if you have a history of certain diseases.

Checking drug safety at BPOM

You can check the safety of a drug by checking whether the drug has been registered with BPOM. Also pay attention to the name of the content listed on the slimming drug packaging. You can check it by visiting the BPOM website.

Ask the doctor

Before taking slimming drugs, it's a good idea to talk to your doctor first. The doctor can consider whether you really need slimming drugs or prescribe diet drugs that are appropriate for your condition.

Instead of relying on slimming drugs, you can lose weight in a he althier and more natural way, namely by exercising regularly and adopting a he althy diet.

The use of slimming drugs is usually only recommended by doctors if the various methods that have been taken have not succeeded in helping you to achieve your ideal weight. Doctors can also suggest taking slimming drugs to help lose weight in people with special medical conditions.

Whatever the type, you are advised not to take slimming drugs without a doctor's supervision because they can endanger your he alth.

If you want to lose weight by using slimming drugs, you should consult your doctor first so that the doctor can determine which type of slimming drug is safe for you to take.

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