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Not only as the main condition, receiving vaccines before performing the Hajj or Umrah is important to protect the body from various diseases. Thus, you will be safer and more comfortable while worshiping
When performing Hajj and Umrah, interaction and direct contact with thousands of pilgrims from all over the world will be unavoidable. In addition, the differences in climate and time between Indonesia and Saudi Arabia make the body have to adapt to the local environment and be susceptible to disease.
In order to protect yourself and others during Hajj or Umrah, you need to be vaccinated to prevent transmission and reduce the risk of getting infected with harmful bacteria and viruses.
Various Hajj Vaccines You Need to Get
The following are some types of vaccines that you need to get before performing Hajj or Umrah:
1. Meningitis vaccine
Meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord. This disease is at high risk in certain regions, including Saudi Arabia, where Muslims perform the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages.
To prevent the transmission of the disease, every pilgrim who will perform the Hajj and Umrah is required to get the meningitis vaccine first. This is even one of the requirements that pilgrims must meet to obtain a visa.
After undergoing the meningitis vaccination to go to Hajj, you will get a certificate stating that you have been vaccinated.
2. Pneumonia Vaccine
Pneumonia vaccine is given to prevent diseases caused by infection with S. pneumoniae or pneumococcal bacteria, including pneumonia and meningitis.
This vaccine is highly recommended for prospective Hajj and Umrah pilgrims with certain conditions, such as the elderly aged 65 years and over, children, and people who have chronic diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, kidney disorders, or heart disease.
3. Influenza Vaccine
Influenza vaccine is recommended for Hajj and Umrah pilgrims who are children, elderly, and pregnant women. In addition, this vaccine also needs to be given to Hajj and Umrah pilgrims who have certain conditions or diseases, such as:
- Chronic heart failure
- Chronic lung disease
- Metabolic disorders
- Overweight or obese
4. COVID-19 Vaccine
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the government of Saudi Arabia advises prospective Hajj and Umrah pilgrims to get the COVID-19 vaccine. In addition, the applicable he alth protocols must be implemented to prevent the transmission of the Corona virus during worship.
During this pandemic, the government of Saudi Arabia also requires that every pilgrim be in good he alth and free from COVID-19, and include the results of the PCR test or rapid test no later than 72 hours before departure.
As a preventive measure against COVID-19, the governments of Saudi Arabia and Indonesia also recommend that pilgrims with the following conditions delay their departure for Umrah and Hajj:
- Over 65 years old or under 12 years old
- Suffering from chronic diseases, such as heart disease, kidney disease, asthma, and diabetes
- Has a weak immune system, for example due to HIV/AIDS or cancer
The Government of the Republic of Indonesia through the Ministry of Religion is also working to ensure that prospective hajj and umrah pilgrims receive priority vaccines for COVID-19.
He alth Check Before Performing Hajj
In addition to getting the vaccine, one of the main requirements to ensure a safe pilgrimage journey is through a he alth check.
Minister of He alth Regulation Number 15 of 2016 concerning Hajj Pilgrims He alth Istithaah states that all Hajj pilgrims must receive he alth checks and guidance in order to achieve the condition of istithaah Hajj.
Istithaah itself is a term to describe the condition of pilgrims who are declared physically and mentally he althy, and able to carry out a series of worship in Hajj or Umrah.
The he alth check-up of the Hajj participants is carried out in three stages, namely:
Implemented by a team of he alth service providers at the puskesmas. This check is carried out when Hajj participants want to register to get a departure quota.
It is carried out when the government has determined the certainty of the departure of the pilgrims. The examination is carried out by the district or city Hajj he alth organizer team at the puskesmas or hospital.
At this stage, a he alth check is carried out by the Hajj organizing committee to determine whether the Hajj pilgrims are eligible to fly or not, in accordance with international aviation regulations.
In order for the pilgrimage or umrah to go well and smoothly, you need to get the Hajj vaccine and undergo a he alth check and don't forget to always apply he alth protocols.
If you are scheduled to go for Hajj or Umrah, but have not received the Hajj vaccine, you are advised to consult a doctor to undergo a he alth check and get vaccinations according to schedule before leaving.