High Heels, Recognize the Risks and the Right Way to Wear It

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High Heels, Recognize the Risks and the Right Way to Wear It
High Heels, Recognize the Risks and the Right Way to Wear It

For some women, wearing high heels can increase self-confidence. However, if worn too often, this type of shoe can have a bad impact on posture. In addition, high heels can also increase the risk of injury

High heels are often used by some women when they are on the move and at work. Not only makes the body look taller, this type of shoe can also increase the confidence of every woman who wears it.

High Heels, Recognize the Risks and the Right Way to Wear them - Alodokter

However, wearing high heels can cause changes in body posture. In the long term, this condition can trigger various he alth problems.

Posture Changes When Wearing High Heels

Wearing high heels makes the body have to adjust posture to maintain balance. The weight of the body will also shift towards the front and cause the legs to have to support an additional 20 percent of body weight.

The lower body that leans forward, namely the hips and knees, makes the upper back lean more backwards.

The same goes for walking in high heels. The hip and knee muscles, which play a major role in every leg movement, will work harder. This position also puts more pressure on the knees.

In addition to limiting the movement and strength of the ankle joint, high heels also keep the knee bent while walking.

Risks Behind Wearing High Heels

Wearing high heels that are excessive or too frequent, over time can risk causing the following he alth problems:

1. Osteoarthritis

Pressure on the knee due to the use of high heels can be one of the triggers for osteoarthritis. This condition occurs due to friction between the ends of the bones that make up the joints which causes inflammation, swelling, and pain.

2. Achilles tendinitis

Achilles tendon plays an important role in the movement of the foot when walking. Wearing high heels continuously and in the long term can cause inflammation of these tendons and cause tendinitis.

This condition occurs due to inflammation of the Achilles tendon or the connective tissue that connects the calf muscles in the back of the lower leg to the heel bone.

In addition to the calf muscles that feel tense when stretching the legs, this disease can also cause pain and swelling in the heels when walking. If you experience frequent inflammation or injury, the Achilles tendon is at risk of tearing. This condition makes you unable to walk.

3. Metatarsalgia

Shoes with high and pointed heels will put excessive pressure on the forefoot or just below the toes, causing acute pain in that area.

If not treated immediately, this condition will cause complaints that persist in the long term or even cause fractures in the leg bones.

4. Sciatica

The increased weight on the toes makes the body lean forward when standing and walking. As a result, there is excess pressure on the knees, hips, and lower back.

Changes in posture are what causes sciatica, a condition when the sciatic nerve gets pinched and causes pain and numbness from the back and radiates to the legs.

If there are other symptoms, such as difficulty urinating or defecating and the legs feel difficult to move, you need to see a doctor immediately. This could be a sign of severe nerve damage.

5. Plantar fasciitis

Some women who wear high heels often experience shortening of the Achilles tendon due to a raised heel. In fact, this tendon is designed to be able to move flexibly.

This condition triggers plantar fasciitis, which is inflammation and pain in the plantar fascia or the thick tissue at the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes.

6. Crooked toes

Constant pressure on the forefoot due to the use of high heels can result in foot deformities such as hammer toes. This condition is characterized by the crookedness of the 3 middle toes.

In addition, wearing high heels too often can cause bunions or bone lumps to appear at the base of the big toe.

7. Fine fracture

Shoes with very high heels can put pressure on the bones of the palms and toes and the nerves around them. Continued pressure on these bones can put you at risk of causing fractures or fine fractures.

8. Ankle sprain

Stilettos or shoes with high and pointed heels are the type of shoes that are most at risk of causing injury. Body weight resting only on the two pointed ends of the heel can increase the risk of falling and spraining, especially on slippery floors or roads.

9. Lower back pain

Wearing high heels can deform the spine and cause lower back pain due to stretched back muscles or pinched nerves.

Physical examination and supporting examinations with X-rays, MRI, or ultrasound can be used to detect the type of disease or injury that occurs due to wearing high heels.

Stay He althy with High Heels

Considering the many risks of wearing high heels that can occur, you are advised to follow the following tips when wearing high heels:

  • Choose shoes that have heels no more than 2-3 cm, especially if you use these types of shoes every day, for example for work.
  • Alternate the use of high heels with shoes that are more comfortable, so that the feet can move naturally and freely.
  • Wear the highest heels only occasionally on special occasions, such as weddings.
  • Avoid choosing high heels with a pointed toe or a size that is too small. Also, choose shoes with wider heels than stilettos.
  • Do leg stretches every day to relax your calf muscles up to your toes.

Being more careful in choosing high heels and paying attention to when to use them can keep you looking confident and avoid the risk of injury and disease.

If you experience complaints, such as leg or lower back pain, changes in body posture when walking, tingling or numbness in the feet, legs feel weak when moving, or difficulty defecating and urinating due to excessive use of high heels, you should immediately consult a doctor for proper examination and treatment.

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