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The period of pregnancy should not be a barrier for pregnant women to travel. However, if you plan to travel long distances while pregnant, make sure you and your baby are in good he alth. So, what preparations need to be made?
Traveling long distances during pregnancy is a common activity for pregnant women, especially at 14–28 weeks of gestation. The purpose of the trip also varies, ranging from work demands or just a vacation while pregnant.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, pregnant women are not advised to travel a lot, especially if the distance is quite far. This is because the symptoms of morning sickness are still common, so the body gets tired easily and can increase the risk of miscarriage.
In addition, pregnant women who are pregnant, or after entering 36 weeks of gestation, are also not recommended to travel far because the time for delivery is approaching.
Tips for Long Travel While Pregnant
When going to travel, pregnant women should determine in advance the type of transportation to be used, the distance to the destination, and of course the he alth condition of the pregnant woman and fetus.
The following are some tips for traveling long distances during pregnancy based on the type of transportation:
Traveling by plane
If there are no problems with the condition of the pregnancy, traveling by plane can usually be done after 28 weeks of pregnancy. Here are some tips that pregnant women can do when they want to travel by plane:
- Do a pregnancy check with the doctor before traveling.
- Choose a comfortable seat, for example near the aisle for easy movement in and out, go to the toilet, or ask the flight attendant for help.
- Enough fluids during the trip to prevent dehydration.
- Move your limbs every 30 minutes to prevent blood clots, especially if the flight lasts longer than 5 hours.
- Use long socks or stockings to prevent leg swelling.
- Put a seat belt on the lower abdomen in case one day there is a shock on the plane.
However, there are some conditions that make it impossible for pregnant women to travel by plane, including:
- Risk of giving birth prematurely
- Disorders with the placenta, such as placenta previa
- The gestational age has reached 36 weeks
- History of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy
Traveling by plane that is done occasionally is generally not a problem for some pregnant women.
However, if you have to travel frequently due to work demands, pregnant women should consult a doctor first to ensure that the pregnancy is he althy.
Traveling by car
If you choose to drive your own car, make sure the pregnant woman's he alth condition is good and take frequent breaks on the way when she starts to feel tired. This is important to ensure that pregnant women can still concentrate and drive the vehicle well.
If pregnant women are planning a long-distance trip by car, consider the following tips:
- Avoid traveling alone and take a partner, relative or friend with you if you want to travel long distances.
- Use a seat belt with the upper strap crossing between the breasts and the lower strap holding the stomach to reduce shock.
- Make sure the air circulation in the car remains smooth.
- Fulfill your body's fluid needs by regularly drinking water and bringing snacks or fruits to reduce nausea and prevent dehydration during the trip.
- Stop traveling and get off the vehicle at least every 2 hours to reduce pressure on the bladder and improve blood circulation in the legs.
- Provide supplies, such as pillows, jackets, and medicines needed during the trip.
Traveling by ship
Traveling by sea is also quite safe when pregnant. When you want to travel by ship, there are some tips that pregnant women need to pay attention to, including:
- Check the policy of the sea transportation service provider regarding the protection of pregnant passengers.
- Make sure the sea transportation you are traveling on provides medical services for pregnant women while on the trip.
- Provide light snacks and drinks during the trip to prevent nausea and dehydration.
In addition to the above modes of transportation, pregnant women can also travel by train. However, just like the others, there are still some rules to keep in mind. Basically, traveling long distances during pregnancy is considered safe if the pregnant woman has properly prepared various needs before and during the trip as well as when she arrives at her destination.
If you still have questions about tips for traveling long distances during pregnancy or are still hesitant to travel while pregnant, pregnant women can consult their obstetrician before going on a trip.