The Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy That Are Important to Know

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The Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy That Are Important to Know
The Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy That Are Important to Know
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The dangers of smoking during pregnancy are very important to realize. Various harmful substances contained in cigarettes can increase the risk of problems during pregnancy, such as premature birth and congenital defects in the fetus

Pregnant women need to know that carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke can hinder the flow of oxygen and nutrient intake to the fetus. This can interfere with fetal breathing and make the fetal heart rate faster.

The Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy That Are Important to Know - Alodokter

Not only that, smoking habits or frequent exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy are also known to increase the risk of congenital diseases in the fetus and miscarriage, which makes smoking a taboo for pregnant women, especially in the early trimester.

The Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy for Mother and Fetus

Smoking habits or frequent inhalation of cigarette smoke (passive smoking) can have various impacts on the he alth of the fetus, namely:

  • Born prematurely or born with low birth weight
  • Higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome
  • Respiratory disorders, for example due to ARI, pneumonia, or asthma
  • Congenital defects, such as congenital heart disease, defects in the brain and nerves, or abnormalities in other organs and body parts, such as biliary atresia and gastroschisis
  • Developmental disorders
  • Psychological and behavioral problems, such as ADHD and autism

Smoking during pregnancy not only has a negative impact on the fetus in the womb, but also pregnant women. The following are some conditions that are more at risk for pregnant women who smoke frequently:

  • Disorders with the placenta, such as placenta previa and placental abruption or separation of the placenta from the inner wall of the uterus before the birth of the baby
  • premature rupture of membranes
  • Miscarriage

In addition to active smokers, the dangers of smoking during pregnancy can also be experienced by pregnant women and fetuses who are exposed to cigarette smoke or passive smokers. The risk of pregnancy problems can even increase if exposure to secondhand smoke occurs repeatedly, for example, if a family member smokes in the house.

Choice of Ways and Tips to Quit Smoking

The best way pregnant women can do to avoid the dangers of smoking during pregnancy is to stop smoking. Pregnant women can try therapy to stop smoking called Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT).

The therapy can be done by several methods, namely:

  • Nicotine gum, which is used by chewing slowly for 30 minutes
  • Tablets suction, in the form of tablets that are placed between the gums and the inside of the cheek, then sucked for 30 minutes
  • Sublingual tablets, which are tablets that are placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve in the mouth
  • Inhalers, which are inhaled drugs that must be used regularly
  • Transdermal, in the form of patches affixed to the surface of the skin
  • Nose and mouth spray

However, before deciding to carry out the various therapies above, pregnant women are advised to consult a gynecologist first. Always pay attention to the dose of nicotine absorbed by the body regardless of the therapeutic method used.

Quitting smoking suddenly is difficult, but not impossible. Some of the following ways can help pregnant women to stop smoking and avoid cigarette smoke:

  • Avoid situations that can make pregnant women want to smoke, such as stress or hanging out with fellow smokers.
  • Make a list of reasons to quit smoking and of course the main focus is the he alth of pregnant women and fetuses.
  • Keep away from cigarette smoke wherever pregnant women are.
  • Remove the urge to smoke by doing other activities, such as chewing gum, exercising, or meditating.

During the adaptation period, it is not uncommon for pregnant women who have stopped smoking to be tempted to smoke again after giving birth. However, this of course requires a commitment from pregnant women themselves to really stop this unhe althy habit.

If pregnant women find it difficult to stay away from cigarettes, try to consult a gynecologist. Doctors can help pregnant women to stop smoking, and will continue to monitor the he alth conditions of pregnant women and their fetuses to anticipate various disorders due to the dangers of smoking during pregnancy.

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