Recognizing the Symptoms of Dangerous Baby Diseases and How to Handle It

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Recognizing the Symptoms of Dangerous Baby Diseases and How to Handle It
Recognizing the Symptoms of Dangerous Baby Diseases and How to Handle It

Baby disease is often difficult to recognize because the baby can't speak yet or show that he is sick or feels certain complaints. However, as a parent, you must be more careful and be able to recognize some of the symptoms and signs when your little one is sick

When in pain, babies often cry non-stop or seem fussy. However, there are also other symptoms that can be a sign of illness in the baby, such as fever, the baby looks weak and pale, until his feet and hands feel cold.

Recognize the Symptoms of Dangerous Infant Diseases and How to Handle Them - Alodokter

As a parent, it is important for you to recognize and be aware of the symptoms of a dangerous baby illness so that your little one can be treated appropriately.

Some Common Symptoms of Infant Disease

When they are sick, babies will usually cry continuously and their cries sound louder. Babies also often seem sleepy and their bodies will droop when picked up.

In addition, there are several other signs and symptoms that indicate a baby is sick, including:

  • The baby's facial and body skin looks pale, bluish, or yellow
  • Red rash appears on the skin
  • Vomiting, for example vomiting blood or vomiting green
  • Don't want to breastfeed or eat
  • Urinating less or not urinating at all
  • Blood stool or blood in the stool
  • Fever
  • The baby's body temperature drops below 36o Celsius, especially in babies under 3 months
  • Feet and hands feel cold and look pale
  • Respiratory disorders, for example shortness of breath and fast or wheezing
  • Seizure

Every baby can get sick or get certain diseases. However, there are several factors that can make babies more susceptible to illness, including:

  • Babies born prematurely, ie babies born when the gestational age is not yet 37 weeks
  • History of infection in the mother during pregnancy
  • Mother has had a fever during pregnancy or before delivery
  • premature rupture of membranes more than 18 hours before the baby is born, especially if the baby is born at 37 weeks gestation
  • History of drug or alcohol consumption during pregnancy

Some Baby Diseases and Their Treatment

The following are some types of dangerous baby diseases that occur quite often:

1. Diarrhea

Symptoms of diarrhea in babies who are still breastfeeding are a bit difficult to distinguish from regular bowel movements. However, if the stool that comes out is liquid and the frequency of bowel movements is more frequent than usual, this may indicate that the baby has diarrhea.

In addition to more frequent bowel movements and loose stools, diarrhea in infants can also cause other symptoms, such as dry mouth, crying without tears, fussiness, lack of drinking or feeding, body looks weak, and eyes look sunken.

These symptoms can be a sign that the baby is dehydrated due to diarrhea. Treatment by a doctor must be done immediately because this condition can endanger the baby's life.

2. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a viral infectious disease of the lungs and respiratory tract that generally attacks infants and children. This disease is more at risk for premature babies. RSV infection can cause the baby to develop bronchitis and pneumonia.

Common symptoms of RSV infection in infants are rapid and wheezing, fever, cough, runny nose, and lethargy. If your child shows symptoms of RSV, limit his contact with other people and keep the air quality in the house clean and fresh. Also keep your little one from pollution and cigarette smoke.

Baby disease generally gets better on its own within a few days. However, you need to immediately take your little one to the doctor if he is under 3 months old or if he experiences dangerous symptoms, such as shortness of breath, his body looks very weak, or his skin looks bluish.

3. Otitis media

Otitis media is a bacterial or viral infection of the middle ear. This condition is more at risk for babies who often have colds, coughs, or are exposed to a lot of pollution, such as cigarette smoke.

When an ear infection occurs, the baby will generally look more fussy or cry a lot, often tugging at the ear, fever, vomiting, discharge from the ear, and hearing loss.

When your little one shows these symptoms, immediately take him to the doctor to get the right treatment. This is important to prevent dangerous complications, such as permanent hearing loss or meningitis.

4. Diabetes in babies

Diabetes does not only occur in adults, but also in children and infants. This infant disease is more common in babies born to mothers who have gestational diabetes.

Babies with diabetes will usually have a birth weight greater than normal babies. In addition, diabetes in infants can also cause other symptoms, such as jaundice, shortness of breath, weakness, seizures, thirst, facial swelling, to body shaking or tremors.

Babies with diabetes are also more at risk of developing type 1 diabetes later in life. Therefore, this disease needs to be treated directly by a doctor.

5. Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a malignant tumor or cancer of the retina that can affect children under 2 years of age.

This disease is generally characterized by enlarged pupil size, misaligned or crossed eyes, there is a reflection of white light in the pupil of the eye, and visual disturbances.

If you find these symptoms in your little one, immediately consult a pediatrician to get the right treatment. If left untreated, retinoblastoma has a high risk of causing death in infants and children.

6. Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord due to viral or bacterial infection.

This disease that often affects infants and children can generally cause several symptoms, such as stiff neck, high fever, severe headache, vomiting, sensitivity to light, reddish rash, frequent drowsiness, seizures, and no appetite..

If you find these symptoms in your little one, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

7. Sepsis

Sepsis is a serious medical condition caused by a severe infection in the body. Sepsis is usually caused by a bacterial infection, but it can also be caused by a virus.

Sepsis can occur in newborns and babies who are older. This disease is also at risk for babies who are born prematurely or have low birth weight and babies who get infections while still in the womb or at birth.

Babies with sepsis will generally experience several symptoms, such as frequent drowsiness, very fast breathing, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, decreased body temperature, refusal to breastfeed, and skin that looks pale or yellow.

Sepsis is a dangerous condition for babies. If not treated immediately by a doctor, this disease can lead to fatal complications.

8. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)

Baby disease occurs when the baby's colon becomes inflamed, resulting in sores or even holes in the baby's intestines. This disease mostly affects newborns or the first few months after birth.

The cause of NEC is not known with certainty until now. However, this condition is more common in premature or low birth weight babies, formula-fed babies, or babies who were deprived of oxygen at birth.

In addition, NEC is also thought to be caused by a bacterial infection of the baby's gastrointestinal tract.

This baby disease can cause the baby to experience symptoms of nausea, vomiting, fussiness due to abdominal pain, weakness, lack of breastfeeding, and blood in the stool. If not treated promptly, NEC can lead to serious complications and even death.

Babies are generally susceptible to illness because their immune system is still weak and not fully developed. However, if he shows severe symptoms that do not improve, this could be a sign that the baby is sick or has a certain disease.

However, parents are advised not to panic when their baby has symptoms of the disease above. If your little one experiences symptoms of a dangerous baby illness, immediately take him to the pediatrician to undergo an examination and get the right treatment according to his illness.

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