Muscle Relaxant - Benefits, dosage and side effects

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Muscle Relaxant - Benefits, dosage and side effects
Muscle Relaxant - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Muscle relaxants or muscle relaxants are a group of drugs to relieve muscle pain and stiffness due to muscle spasms or muscle spasms. Drugs in this class can be used to treat back pain, fibromyalgia, or multiple sclerosis

Drugs that include muscle relaxants or muscle relaxants work by blocking the transmission of nerve signals. This inhibition can occur in the brain or central nervous system, it can also occur directly in the muscles.

Muscle Relaxant - alodokter
Muscle Relaxant - alodokter

Some of the conditions and diseases that cause muscle spasms that can be treated by muscle relaxants are as follows:

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Injuries, including injury to the neck (whiplash injury) or spinal cord injury
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Back pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • motor nerve disease
  • Tension headaches

Types of Muscle Relaxant

Muscle relaxants can be divided into three groups based on the area affected. Here is the explanation:

1. Skeletal muscle relaxants

Skeletal muscle relaxants are used to reduce muscle tension. This drug is divided into two types, namely:

  • Central muscle relaxants, which are muscle relaxants that work in the brain or spinal cord
  • Peripheral muscle relaxants, namely muscle relaxants that act on nerve fibers

2. Neuromuscular blocking agents

Neuromuscular blocking agents are used to temporarily paralyze muscles. This drug is used as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery, provided that breathing is assisted by a mechanical ventilator. This drug works by blocking chemical compounds that carry messages between cells (neurotransmitters).

3. Skeletal muscle relaxant combination

Combined skeletal muscle relaxants contain a mixture of muscle relaxants and certain medications, such as pain medications. Muscle relaxants reduce muscle tension by inhibiting nerve stimulation, while pain medications relieve muscle pain.

Warning Before Using Muscle Relaxant

Muscle relaxant should only be used with a doctor's prescription. Before taking this drug, note the following:

  • Do not use muscle relaxants if you are allergic to these drugs.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from diabetes, epilepsy, brain disorders, liver disease, heart disease, diseases of the nervous system, stomach ulcers, mental disorders, lung disease, or sleep apnea.
  • Tell your doctor if you are going to have surgery, including dental surgery while taking this medicine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking any medications, supplements or herbal remedies.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
  • Do not do activities that require alertness, such as driving a vehicle after taking muscle relaxants, as these drugs can cause drowsiness.
  • Do not consume alcoholic beverages while undergoing treatment with muscle relaxant drugs.
  • Immediately see a doctor if there is an allergic reaction to the drug or an overdose after using a muscle relaxant.

Side Effects and Dangers of Muscle Relaxant

The side effects of using muscle relaxants may vary, depending on the type of drug used and the patient's condition. In general, there are several side effects that can occur after using muscle relaxants, including:

  • Tired, sleepy, or weak
  • Dizzy
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure
  • Depression

Do an examination to the doctor if these side effects do not subside or are actually getting worse. Go to the doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction to the drug, such as facial swelling, hives, itchy skin, and difficulty breathing.

Types, Trademarks and Dosage of Muscle Relaxant

Muscle relaxant drugs should only be used based on a doctor's prescription. The dose of muscle relaxant given by the doctor generally depends on the type and form of the drug, as well as the age and condition of the patient. Here is the explanation:


Dosage form: Caplets and tablets

Trademarks: Falcofen, Lioresal

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the baclofen drug page.


Dosage form: Tablet

Trademark: Solaxin

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the chlorzoxazone drug page.


Dosage form: Caplet, tablet, syrup, injection, suppository

Trademarks: Analsik, Metaneuron, Neurindo, Neuroval, Potentitic, Opineuron, Proneuron, Stesolid, Trazep, Valdimex, Valisanbe, Valium

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the diazepam drug page.


Dosage form: Film-coated tablets

Trademarks: Eperisone Hydrochloride, Myori, Gasogal, Myonep, Myoman, Forres, Relaxon, Rizonax, Myobat, Plexion, Simnal, Epesone, Eperisone HCl, Forelax, Eprinoc, Perilax, Estalex, Esprigen, Permyo

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the eperisone drug page.


Dosage form: Tablet

Trademarks: Myores, Phardex tablets, Sirdalud, Tizacom, Tizanidine Hydrochloride, Zitanid

To find out the dosage and further information about this drug, please visit the tizanidine drug page.