Table of contents:
- What is Polio Vaccine
- Warning Before Receiving Polio Vaccine
- Polio Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
- How to Give Polio Vaccine
- Interaction of Polio Vaccine with Other Drugs
- Side Effects and Dangers of Polio Vaccine
Polio vaccine is a vaccine given to prevent poliomyelitis or polio. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has established the polio vaccine as a type of vaccine that must be given to children
There are two types of polio vaccine, namely oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV contains live attenuated poliovirus, whereas IPV uses inactivated virus. In Indonesia, the type of OPV used is bOPV, which is a bivalent oral polio vaccine.
This vaccine works by triggering the body to form antibodies that can fight infection with the polio virus.
Polio vaccine trademarks: Imovax Polio, Inactivated Poliomyelitis Vaccine (IPV), Bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine Types 1 & 3, Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (Sabin)
What is Polio Vaccine
|Used by||Adults and children|
|Polio vaccine for pregnant and lactating women||Category C: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk. to the fetus.
It is not known whether the polio vaccine can be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.
|Medicine form||Injections and mouth drops|
Warning Before Receiving Polio Vaccine
The polio vaccine will be given by a doctor or medical officer at a he alth facility. Pay attention to the following points before undergoing vaccination with the polio vaccine:
- Tell the doctor about any history of allergies you or your child has, including if you are allergic to formalin, neomycin, streptomycin, or polymixin B. The polio vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to the ingredients in this vaccine.
- Tell the doctor if you have a fever or have an infectious disease. The polio vaccine will be postponed until you recover.
- Tell the doctor if you or your child have or are currently suffering from Guillain-Barre syndrome.
- Tell the doctor if you or your child has a weakened immune system due to HIV/AIDS or long-term use of immunosuppressant drugs.
- Tell the doctor if you or your child are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
- See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction or serious side effect after receiving the polio vaccine.
Polio Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
According to the immunization schedule issued by the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI), the polio vaccine is one of the vaccines that must be given to children. Polio vaccine for children will be given 4 times and booster vaccine 1 time.
The following are the doses of polio vaccine based on the patient's age:
As a primary immunization, the dose is 0.5 ml. The first dose is given to the baby shortly after birth in the form of oral drops (OPV). The next vaccine is given at the age of 2 months, 3 months, and 4 months. The booster vaccine is given when the child is 18 months old.
Generally the polio vaccine has been given to children. However, in adults who have never received the vaccine, 3 doses can be given, 0.5 ml injected through the muscle (intramuscularly/IM) or under the skin (subcutaneously/SC).
The first two doses are given 1–2 months apart, and the third dose 6–12 months after the second dose.
How to Give Polio Vaccine
Always follow the instructions and recommendations of the doctor before receiving the polio vaccine. The polio vaccine is one of the vaccines that must be given to children.
The polio vaccine will be given directly by a doctor or he alth worker under the supervision of a doctor at a he alth facility (faskes). Follow the injection schedule given by the doctor.
Polio in the form of oral drops (OPV) is given to babies shortly after birth. Next, you can give continued OPV or IPV by injection into the muscle (intramuscular/IM) or under the skin (subcutaneous/SC).
IPV is recommended to be given 2 times before the age of 1 year. In Indonesia, the schedule for administering the polio vaccine can be done together with other vaccines, such as DPT.
The polio vaccine must be given according to a predetermined schedule so that the vaccine can work more effectively. The child must take the entire prescribed dose. If your child misses a dose, see a doctor immediately to get the missed dose.
Interaction of Polio Vaccine with Other Drugs
If used with immunoglobulins or drugs that have an immunosuppressive effect (immunosuppressants), including corticosteroid drugs, the effectiveness of the polio vaccine will decrease. To be safe, tell your doctor about any medications, supplements, or herbal products you or your child are taking before getting vaccinated.
Side Effects and Dangers of Polio Vaccine
Some of the side effects that can occur after getting the polio vaccine injection are:
- Pain or redness at the injection site
- Ear ringing
- Children are cranky or look tired
Report to your doctor if you or your child experience an allergic reaction or more serious side effects, such as high fever, severe drowsiness, fainting, or seizures, after receiving the polio vaccine.