Table of contents:
- What is MR Vaccine
- Warning Before Receiving MR Vaccine
- MR Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
- How to Give MR Vaccine
- Interaction of MR Vaccine with Other Drugs
- Side Effects and Dangers of the MR Vaccine
The MR vaccine or Measles and Rubella vaccine is a vaccine to prevent measles (measles) and rubella (German measles). Measles and rubella are caused by different viral infections, but both can be transmitted through contaminated air
MR vaccine is a type of vaccination that must be given to children from 9 months to less than 15 years of age.
MR vaccine contains attenuated virus. The injection of the MR vaccine will help the body recognize and form immunity (antibodies), so that it can fight the viruses that cause measles and rubella.
MR Vaccine Trademark: Measles and Rubella Vaccine
What is MR Vaccine
|Benefits||Preventing rubella and measles|
|Used by||Adults and children|
|MR vaccine for pregnant and lactating women||Category X: Studies in experimental animals and humans have shown fetal abnormalities or a risk to the fetus.
Drugs in this category should not be used by women who are or may become pregnant.
It is not yet known whether the MR vaccine can be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, consult your doctor before vaccinating.
Warning Before Receiving MR Vaccine
MR vaccine will be given by a doctor or medical officer at a he alth facility. Pay attention to the following points before undergoing vaccination with the MR vaccine:
- Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. The MR vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to this vaccine or the ingredients in the vaccine product.
- Tell the doctor if you or your child has a fever, the vaccination will be postponed until the fever subsides and the condition improves.
- Tell your doctor if you have a weakened immune system, heart failure, infectious disease, kidney failure, or blood disorders, including leukemia or anemia.
- Tell your doctor if you are having radiotherapy or treatment with immunosuppressant drugs, including corticosteroids.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy. MR vaccine can increase the risk of birth defects in babies if given to pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy.
- Tell your doctor if you will have the Mantoux test within 4–6 weeks of being vaccinated with the MR vaccine.
- Tell your doctor if you plan to have a blood transfusion or treatment with immunoglobulins.
- See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction, serious side effects, or overdose after using the MR vaccine.
MR Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
MR vaccine is a type of mandatory vaccination for children. In accordance with immunization recommendations issued by IDAI (Indonesian Pediatrician Association), the schedule for MR vaccine injection can be carried out from 9 months to less than 15 years of age.
This vaccine can also be given to adults who have not been vaccinated with the MR vaccine. Children who receive their first dose of MR vaccine at 9 months of age will receive their second dose at 18 months of age, and will receive their third dose at about 6 years of age.
To prevent measles and rubella, the dose of MR vaccine for children and adults is 0.5 ml. The drug is given by injection into the skin (subcutaneous injection) or by injection into a muscle (intramuscular injection).
How to Give MR Vaccine
MR vaccine will be given by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. The injection is performed on the upper arm.
After receiving the MR vaccine, the child or person being vaccinated must wait for 30 minutes at the vaccination service center. This is done to anticipate post-immunization follow-up events (AEFI).
AEFI are all complaints or medical conditions that may be related to vaccination, including allergic reactions to vaccine ingredients and vaccine side effects.
The storage of MR vaccine is carried out by the vaccine officer according to standard operating procedures. Vaccines and vaccine solvents need to be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of 2–8° C and protected from direct sunlight.
Interaction of MR Vaccine with Other Drugs
The risk of developing infection or decreasing the effectiveness of the MR vaccine may increase if this vaccine is given with drugs that have an immunosuppressive effect, such as hydrocortisone, infliximab, nilotinib, or omacetaxine.
To prevent unwanted drug interactions, be sure to consult your doctor first before you or your child is given the MR vaccine, especially if you are undergoing therapy or taking any medications or supplements.
Side Effects and Dangers of the MR Vaccine
MR vaccine is safe and rarely causes harmful side effects. However, in some people complaints can appear, such as fever, rash, swelling, or pain at the injection site. Generally, these complaints will subside on their own.
If the complaint doesn't get better or gets worse, see a doctor. In addition, you should also see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction to the drug which can be characterized by swelling of the lips or eyelids, an itchy and widespread rash, or difficulty breathing.