Calcium Carbonate - Benefits, dosage and side effects

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Calcium Carbonate - Benefits, dosage and side effects
Calcium Carbonate - Benefits, dosage and side effects
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Calcium carbonate is a drug to treat symptoms of excess stomach acid, such as heartburn or heartburn. In addition, this drug can also be used in the treatment of high phosphate levels in kidney failure and to prevent and treat calcium deficiency

Calcium carbonate is also included in the antacid group. As an antacid, this drug works by lowering the acidity of the stomach. Even though it is sold over-the-counter, you should first consult with your doctor before taking this drug.

Calcium Carbonate - Alodokter

Calcium carbonate trademarks: Calos, Calporosis D 500, CDR, Day-Cal, Erphabone, Maag Gel, Tivera-V, Wellness Os-Cal

What Is Calcium Carbonate

Class OTC drugs
Categories Mineral supplements or antacids
Benefits Overcoming calcium deficiency or excess stomach acid
Consumed by Adults and children
Calcium carbonate for pregnant and lactating women Category C: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.

Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk to the fetus.

Calcium carbonate can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.

Medicine form Tablets, caplets, chewable tablets, efferfescent tablets, suspension

Warning Before Consuming Calcium Carbonate

Before taking this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following things:

  • Do not use calcium carbonate if you are allergic to this medicine. Tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
  • Consult the use of calcium carbonate with your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from kidney stones, kidney disease, cancer, high levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), or parathyroid gland disorders
  • Consult the use of calcium carbonate if you have phenylketonuria or other conditions that require you to limit your intake of aspartame or phenylalanine, as some calcium carbonate products may contain aspartame (artificial sweetener).
  • Consult your doctor before using calcium carbonate if you are taking medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • Consult your doctor before taking calcium carbonate if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
  • See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction or overdose after taking calcium carbonate.

Dosage and Instructions for Use of Calcium Carbonate

The following are general doses of calcium carbonate based on the patient's condition and age:

Condition: Excess stomach acid

  • Adult: 0.5–3 grams, when symptoms appear. The maximum dose is 8 grams per day with a treatment duration of up to 2 weeks.
  • Children aged 2–5 years: 0.375–0.4 grams when symptoms occur. The maximum dose is 1.5 grams per day with a treatment duration of up to 2 weeks.
  • Children aged 6–11 years: 0.75–0.8 grams when symptoms occur. The maximum dose is 3 grams per day with a treatment duration of up to 2 weeks.
  • Children aged 12 years: 0.5–3 grams when symptoms appear. The maximum dose is 7.5 grams per day with a treatment duration of up to 2 weeks.

Condition: Calcium deficiency (hypocalcemia)

  • Adults: 0.5–4 grams per day, divided into 1–3 doses.
  • Children aged 2–4 years: 0.75 grams, 2 times a day.
  • Children aged 4 years: 0.75 grams, 3 times a day.

Condition: Excess phosphorus (hyperphosphatemia) in patients with chronic kidney failure

  • Adults: 3–7 grams per day divided into several doses.

How to Consume Calcium Carbonate Correctly

Follow the doctor's advice and read the information on the medicine package before taking calcium carbonate. Do not reduce or increase the dose without consulting your doctor first.

If you are taking calcium carbonate chewable tablets, the tablets must be chewed first and not swallowed whole.

If you are taking calcium carbonate in suspension, shake the bottle before use. Use the measuring spoon provided in the medicine package for a more precise dose.

If you forget to take calcium carbonate, it is recommended to take it immediately if the gap between the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.

If you are taking any other medication, please allow at least 2 hours before or after taking calcium carbonate.

During treatment with calcium carbonate, especially long-term medication, your doctor may ask you to have regular blood or urine tests to monitor your kidney function.

Store calcium carbonate at room temperature and in a closed container so that it is not exposed to direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of reach of children.

Interaction of Calcium Carbonate with Other Drugs

The following are some drug interactions that can occur when calcium carbonate is used together with other drugs:

  • Increased risk of hypercalcemia when used with thiazide diuretics
  • Decreased absorption of thyroxine, bisphosphonates, sodium fluoride, iron, or quinolone and tetracycline antibiotics
  • Increasing the effectiveness of the drug digoxin
  • Reduced absorption of calcium carbonate in the body when used with corticosteroid drugs

Side Effects and Dangers of Calcium Carbonate

Some of the side effects that can occur after consuming calcium carbonate are:

  • stomach bloating
  • Constipation
  • burp
  • Dry mouth
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • bone or muscle pain
  • Confusion or mood swings
  • Unusual tired
  • Unusual weight loss

Consult your doctor if the above side effects do not subside or get worse. You should also see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction to medication after taking calcium carbonate.

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