Table of contents:
- What is Typhoid Vaccine
- Warning Before Receiving Typhoid Vaccine
- Typhus Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
- How to Give Typhoid Vaccine
- Typhus Vaccine Interaction with Other Drugs
- Side Effects and Dangers of Typhoid Vaccine
Typhoid vaccine or typhoid vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent typhoid or typhoid fever. The typhoid vaccine is included in the type of immunization of choice recommended by the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia
Typhus vaccine is available in the form of injections made from the dead Salmonella typhii bacteria. This vaccine works by triggering the immune system to form antibodies that can fight the bacteria that cause typhus. In addition to injectable form, typhoid vaccine is also available in capsule form.
Typhus vaccine can be given to children at least 2 years old and also adults who are at high risk for typhoid, such as people who live or will travel to typhoid fever endemic areas.
Typhus vaccine trademarks: Typherix, Typhim Vi, Vivaxim
What is Typhoid Vaccine
|Used by||Adults and children aged 2 years|
|Typhus vaccine for pregnant and lactating women||Category C: Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. Drugs should only be used if the expected benefit outweighs the risk. to the fetus.
It is not yet known whether the typhoid vaccine can be absorbed into breast milk or not. Breastfeeding mothers are advised to consult a doctor before using this vaccine.
Warning Before Receiving Typhoid Vaccine
Typhus vaccine should not be used carelessly. There are several things you should pay attention to before undergoing vaccination with the typhoid vaccine, namely:
- Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Typhoid vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to any of the ingredients in this vaccine.
- Tell your doctor if you have a fever, have an infectious disease, or have a blood clotting disorder, such as hemophilia.
- Tell your doctor if you have a weakened immune system due to HIV, long-term use of corticosteroid medications, or chemotherapy.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking antibiotics or antimalarial drugs.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
- See a doctor immediately if an allergic reaction occurs after using the typhoid vaccine.
Typhus Vaccine Dosage and Schedule
According to the immunization schedule issued by the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI), typhoid vaccine can be injected from children aged 2 years and needs to be repeated every three years until children are 18 years old.
For those who will travel to areas prone to typhus, the vaccine will be injected 2 weeks before the trip.
For adults and children over 2 years of age, the dose of typhoid vaccine is 0.5 ml as a single dose, injected into the muscle (intramuscularly/IM) or under the skin (subcutaneously/SC). The dose can be repeated every 3 years, especially for patients who are at high risk of developing typhus.
How to Give Typhoid Vaccine
Typhus vaccine is injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM) or under the skin (subcutaneous/SC). This vaccine injection will be carried out by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor at a he alth facility that has been designated for vaccination services.
Typhoid vaccine injection can be done starting from children aged 2 years and needs to be repeated every three years. For people who will travel to areas prone to typhus, it is recommended to get the vaccine 2 weeks before the trip.
Typhus Vaccine Interaction with Other Drugs
If used with immunosuppressant drugs, the effectiveness of the typhoid vaccine may be reduced. In addition, the use of typhoid vaccine with anticoagulants can increase the risk of bleeding.
To be on the safe side, always tell your doctor about any medications, supplements or herbal products you are currently taking, before getting vaccinated.
Side Effects and Dangers of Typhoid Vaccine
The following are some of the side effects that may occur after using the typhoid vaccine:
- Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- stomach ache or diarrhea
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle or joint pain
Consult a doctor if the side effects mentioned above do not subside or are getting worse. See a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction after receiving the typhoid vaccine.