Table of contents:
- What is Moderna Vaccine
- Warning Before Receiving Moderna Vaccines
- Dose and Schedule of Moderna Vaccines
- How to Give Moderna Vaccines
- Interaction of Moderna Vaccines with Other Drugs
- Side Effects and Dangers of Moderna Vaccines
Modern Vaccine is a vaccine to prevent infection with the SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 virus. The Moderna vaccine or mRNA-1273 was developed in January 2020 by the Moderna and Vaccine Research Center at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID) in America
Modern vaccine is a type of mRNA (messenger RNA) vaccine. This vaccine does not use an attenuated or killed virus, but uses components of the genetic material that make the immune system produce spike proteins. The protein is part of the surface of the Corona virus.
Spike protein will trigger the immune system to produce antibodies that can protect the body when infected with the Corona virus.
Modern Vaccine has been granted emergency use permit to prevent COVID-19 infection in adults over 18 years of age. From the clinical trials that have been carried out, this vaccine has shown an efficacy value, namely the protective effect against COVID-19, of 94.1%.
Moderna vaccine trademark: -
What is Moderna Vaccine
|Benefits||Preventing SARS-CoV-2 virus infection|
|Modern Vaccines for pregnant and lactating mothers||Modern Vaccin can be given to pregnant and lactating women. For pregnant women, it can be given from over 12 weeks of gestation and no later than 33 weeks of gestation.|
Warning Before Receiving Moderna Vaccines
There are several things you should pay attention to before receiving the Moderna vaccine, including:
- Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Moderna vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to the ingredients in this vaccine.
- Modern Vaccine is for he althy adults over the age of 18. The effectiveness and safety of this vaccine is not yet known for children under 18 years of age.
- Modern Vaccine is not recommended to be given to people who have a fever or suffer from COVID-19.
- Tell your doctor if you have a weakened immune system or are taking immunosuppressant medications.
- Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from a blood disorder, heart disease, autoimmune disease, diabetes, cancer, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, lung disease, kidney disease, arthritis, or digestive tract disease.
- Tell your doctor if you are on dialysis or have recently had an organ transplant.
- Notify your doctor if you have received another COVID-19 vaccine.
- Modern vaccine can be given to pregnant and lactating women. For pregnant women, it can be started at 12 weeks of gestation and no later than 33 weeks, under the supervision of a doctor.
- Tell your doctor about any medications you are currently taking, including supplements and herbal products.
- See your doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction after receiving the Moderna vaccine.
Dose and Schedule of Moderna Vaccines
Modern vaccine will be given directly by the doctor. The dosage is 0.5 ml. Injections were carried out 2 times with a distance of 28 days. This vaccine will be injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM).
In Indonesia, the Moderna vaccine has also been used as a booster vaccine or a third dose of COVID-19 vaccine, but only in certain groups.
How to Give Moderna Vaccines
Modern vaccine will be given directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. The vaccine will be injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM).
The skin area to be injected with the vaccine must be cleaned with an alcohol swab before and after the injection. Disposable syringes that have been used will be thrown into the safety box without closing the needle again.
To anticipate the occurrence of serious post-immunization co-occurrence (AEFI), vaccine recipients will be asked to stay at the vaccination service center for 30 minutes after being vaccinated.
AEFI is a medical complaint or condition that can occur after vaccination, including side effects and allergic reactions to vaccines.
Interaction of Moderna Vaccines with Other Drugs
It is not known for certain the interaction effects that can occur if the Moderna vaccine is used with other drugs. Tell your doctor if you are taking medications that weaken the immune system (immunosuppressants), certain supplements, or herbal products.
Side Effects and Dangers of Moderna Vaccines
Some of the side effects that can occur after receiving the Moderna vaccine are:
- Pain, swelling, or redness at the injection site
- Feeling tired
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Nausea and vomiting
To relieve the symptoms of the side effects of the vaccine, you can take fever and pain relievers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. However, do an examination to the doctor if the complaint does not go away or gets worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after vaccination.