Torasemide - Benefits, dosage and side effects

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Torasemide - Benefits, dosage and side effects
Torasemide - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Torsemide or torasemide is a drug used to treat fluid buildup (edema) due to heart failure or cirrhosis. This drug is also used to lower blood pressure in hypertension

Torasemide belongs to the class of loop diuretics. This drug works by inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys. That way, more fluid and sodium can be excreted through the urine. This drug should not be used carelessly and must be in accordance with a doctor's prescription.

Torasemide - alodokter

Trasemide trademark: -

What is Torasemide

Class Prescription drugs
Categories Loop diuretic
Benefits Treating edema and lowering blood pressure in hypertension
Used by Adult
Torasemide for pregnant and lactating women Category B: Animal studies have not shown any risk to the fetus, but there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women.

Torasemide is not known to be absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine before consulting your doctor.

Medicine form Tablets and injections

Warning Before Using Torasemide

Follow the doctor's advice and advice while undergoing treatment with torasemide. Before using this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Torasemide should not be used in patients allergic to this drug or to sulfa drugs.
  • Tell your doctor if you experience a condition that you can't urinate due to a blockage in the urinary tract. Torasemide should not be used by patients with this condition.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from diabetes, gout, liver disease, heart disease, electrolyte disturbances, or kidney disease.
  • Tell your doctor that you are taking torasemide if you plan to undergo an X-Ray or CT-scan with a contrast fluid injection.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • Tell your doctor that you are taking torasemide if you plan to have any surgery, including dental surgery.
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness, while taking torasemide, because this drug can cause dizziness.
  • See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction, overdose, or serious side effects after taking torasemide.

Dosage and Instructions for Use of Torasemide

The dose of torasemide given by the doctor may vary, depending on the form of the drug and the patient's condition. Here are the general doses of torasemide:

Medication form: Tablet

Condition: Edema

  • Adults: 5 mg, 1 time a day. The dose can be increased to 20 mg, once a day. The maximum dose is 40 mg per day.

Condition: Edema due to cirrhosis

  • Adults: 5–10 mg, once daily given with potassium-sparing diuretics or aldosterone antagonists. The maximum dose is 40 mg per day.

Condition: Hypertension

  • Adults: 2.5–5 mg, 1 time daily.

Form of medicine: Injection

Condition: Edema

  • Adults: 10–20 mg per day. The dose is given by injection into a vein (intravenous / IV) for more than 2 minutes. The maximum dose is 200 mg per day.

How to Use Torasemide Correctly

Torasemide in injection form will be given by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. Always follow the doctor's advice during treatment with this drug.

Follow the doctor's advice and read the instructions on the medicine package before taking torasemide in tablet form. Do not increase or decrease the dose without consulting your doctor.

Torasemide tablets can be taken before or after meals. Take torasemide regularly at the same time every day for maximum treatment effect. Do not stop taking the drug, except on the doctor's instructions.

Torasemide can cause you to urinate more frequently. So, it's best to take this medicine in the morning or 4 hours before bedtime.

If you forget to take torasemide, take the drug immediately if the interval between the next consumption schedule is not too close. When it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.

One of the side effects that can occur after using torasemide is dizziness. Therefore, do not rush to stand up if you are taking torasemide in a sitting position.

So that blood pressure can be more controlled, in addition to taking blood pressure-lowering drugs, you are encouraged to adopt a he althy lifestyle. For example, by limiting s alt and fat consumption, exercising regularly, and maintaining an ideal body weight.

You need to have more frequent blood tests while on treatment with torasemide. You also need to check with the doctor regularly so that the progress of the condition and the effectiveness of the drug can always be monitored.

Store torasemide tablets in a closed container in a cool and dry place. Keep this medicine away from direct sunlight and keep this medicine out of reach of children.

Torasemide Interactions with Other Drugs

Some drug interactions that can occur if torasemide is used with certain drugs are:

  • Reduced therapeutic effect of torasemide when used with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Increased risk of hypotension if used with antihypertensive drugs
  • Increased risk of severe hypokalemia when used with amphotericin B, carbenoxolone, or corticosteroids
  • Increased risk of poisoning with lithium or salicylate drugs
  • Increased risk of ear and kidney damage if used with aminoglycoside antibiotics, such as gentamicin

Side Effects and Dangers of Torasemide

Side effects that can occur after using torasemide are:

  • Cough
  • Dizziness or headache
  • Sore throat
  • The frequency of urination increases
  • Constipation or diarrhea

Consult a doctor if the above side effects do not improve or get worse. Call your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction to a drug or experience serious side effects, such as:

  • Dizzy so heavy that you feel like passing out
  • Hearing loss, which can be characterized by symptoms such as ringing in the ears (tinnitus), decreased ability to hear, to sudden deafness
  • Dehydration or electrolyte disturbances, which can be characterized by muscle cramps, unusual weakness or tiredness, severe dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, fast heart rate, or fainting
  • Disorders of kidney function, which can be characterized by symptoms such as infrequent urination or very small amounts of urine

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