Table of contents:
- What is Quinapril
- Warning Before Taking Quinapril
- Dosage and Instructions for Use Quinapril
- How to Take Quinapril Correctly
- Interaction of Quinapril with Other Drugs
- Side Effects and Dangers of Quinapril
Quinapril is a drug to lower blood pressure in hypertension. Blood pressure that is more controlled will reduce the risk of complications, such as stroke, heart attack, or kidney problems. This drug can also be used in the treatment of heart failure
Quinapril works by inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. Angiotensin is a chemical in the body that can cause constriction of blood vessels.
By inhibiting changes in the shape of this substance, blood vessels will be more dilated, blood flow can be smoother, and blood pressure will decrease.
quinapril trademark: -
What is Quinapril
|Benefits||Overcoming hypertension and heart failure|
|Quinapril for pregnant and lactating women||Category D: There is positive evidence of risks to the human fetus, but the benefits may outweigh the risks, for example in dealing with life-threatening situations.
Quinapril can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.
Warning Before Taking Quinapril
Before taking this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following things:
- Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Quinapril should not be taken by patients who are allergic to this drug or to other ACE inhibitor drugs, such as ramipril.
- Tell your doctor if you have or are currently suffering from angioedema, kidney disease, congestive heart failure, liver disease, lupus, high levels of potassium in the blood, diabetes, scleroderma, or are undergoing dialysis procedures.
- Do not drive a vehicle or perform activities that require alertness, while taking quinapril, as this drug can cause dizziness.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking quinapril before having any surgery, including dental surgery.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking any medications, herbal products, or supplements, including potassium supplements.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy. Use effective contraception during treatment with quinapril.
- See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction, serious side effects, or overdose after taking quinapril.
Dosage and Instructions for Use Quinapril
The following are general doses of quinapril based on the condition you want to treat:
- Adults: 10–20 mg, once daily. The first dose is given at bedtime. The maintenance dose is 20–80 mg, once daily, or in 2 divided doses. When used with diuretics, the dose of quinapril is 5 mg, once daily.
- Elderly: 10 mg, once a day or divided into 2 doses.
Condition: Heart failure
- Adult: 5 mg, 2 times a day. Dosage adjustments will be made at weekly intervals, to 20–40 mg divided into 2 separate doses.
How to Take Quinapril Correctly
Follow the doctor's advice and read the information on the medicine package before taking quinapril. Do not reduce or increase the dose without consulting your doctor first.
Quinapril should be taken on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating. Try to take quinapril at the same time every day for maximum treatment.
Keep taking this medicine even if you feel well. Do not stop taking this medicine without consulting your doctor.
If you forget to take quinapril, it is recommended to take it immediately if the gap between the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.
During treatment with quinapril, your doctor may ask you to have regular blood tests to monitor your body's response to the drug. Follow the examination schedule given by the doctor.
The use of quinapril should be accompanied by the application of a he althy lifestyle, such as by limiting the consumption of foods high in s alt, exercising regularly, not smoking, and limiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Store quinapril in a dry place and avoid direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of reach of children.
Interaction of Quinapril with Other Drugs
The following are some of the interactions between drugs that can occur when quinapril is used with other drugs:
- Increased risk of hypotension, hyperkalemia, or renal failure when used with aliskiren or ARB drugs, such as irbesartan or valsartan
- Increased risk of developing hyperkalemia when used with potassium supplements or potassium-sparing diuretics, such as amiloride
- Increased risk of severe allergic reactions and infections when used with allopurinol
- Increased serum concentration and toxic effects of lithium
- Increased risk of nitritoid reactions such as facial flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure when used with gold-based drugs, such as sodium aurothiomalate
- Decreased effectiveness of tetracycline
Side Effects and Dangers of Quinapril
Some of the side effects that can occur after taking quinapril are:
- dry cough
- Dizziness or feeling light-headed
- Unusual tired
- Nausea or vomiting
Consult a doctor if the side effects above do not subside immediately or are getting worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience a drug allergic reaction or more serious side effects, such as:
- Swelling in the face, eyes, lips, tongue, arms or legs
- Jaundice, severe nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, or severe stomach pain
- High levels of potassium in the blood which can be characterized by symptoms, such as muscle weakness, slow or irregular heart rate
- The amount of urine is little or infrequent urination