Enalapril - Benefits, dosage and side effects

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Enalapril - Benefits, dosage and side effects
Enalapril - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Enalapril is a drug used to lower blood pressure in hypertensive conditions. It can also be used with other medicines to treat heart failure

Enalapril belongs to the class of ACE inhibitor drugs. This medicine will help relax or relax the muscles of the blood vessels. This way of working will help dilate blood vessels, lower pressure, and improve blood flow, thereby easing the work of the heart.

Enalapril - Alodokter

Enalapril trademarks: Tenace, Tenaten, Tenazide

What is Enalapril

Class Prescription drugs
Categories ACE inhibitor
Benefits Treating hypertension and heart failure
Consumed by Adults and children
Enalapril for pregnant and lactating women Category D: There is positive evidence of risks to the human fetus, but the benefits may outweigh the risks, for example in dealing with life-threatening situations.

Enalapril can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medication without telling your doctor.

Medicine form Tablets

Warning Before Taking Enalapril

Before taking this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following things:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Enalapril should not be given to patients who are allergic to this drug or to other ACE inhibitors.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or have recently had angioedema. Enalapril should not be used by patients with these conditions.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or have had heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease, lupus, bone marrow disorders, diabetes, scleroderma, or electrolyte disorders, including high levels of potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia).
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness, while taking enalapril, because this drug can cause dizziness.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking enalapril before having any surgery, including dental surgery.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking any medications, herbal products, or supplements, including potassium supplements.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy. Use effective contraception during treatment with enalapril.
  • See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction, serious side effects, or overdose after taking enalapril.

Dosage and Instructions for Use of Enalapril

The following are general doses of enalapril based on the patient's condition and age:

Condition: Hypertension

  • Adult: 5 mg, once a day. Maintenance dose 10–20 mg once daily. The dose can be increased up to 40 mg.
  • Children weighing 20– <50 kg: 2.5 mg, 1 time a day. The dose can be increased to a maximum of 20 mg per day.
  • Children weighing 50 kg: 5 mg, once a day. The dose can be increased to a maximum of 40 mg per day.
  • Elderly: 2.5 mg, 1 time a day. The next dose is adjusted based on the response to the drug.

Condition: Heart failure

  • Adult: 2.5 mg, 1 time daily. The dose can be increased gradually up to 20 mg. The maximum dose is 40 mg per day divided into 2 doses.
  • Elderly: 2.5 mg, 1 time a day. The next dose is adjusted based on the response to the drug.

How to Take Enalapril Correctly

Follow the doctor's advice and read the information on the medicine package before taking enalapril. Do not reduce or increase the dose without consulting your doctor first.

Enalapril can be taken before or after meals. Try to take enalapril at the same time every day for maximum treatment.

Keep taking this medicine even if you feel well. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.

If you forget to take enalapril, it is recommended to take it immediately if the gap between the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.

During treatment with enalapril, your doctor may ask you to do regular kidney function tests, electrolyte levels, or blood tests to monitor your body's response to the drug.

The use of enalapril should be accompanied by the implementation of a he althy lifestyle, such as a low-s alt and low-fat diet, exercising regularly for at least 30 minutes every day, and not smoking or consuming alcohol.

Store enalapril in a dry place and avoid direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of reach of children.

Interaction of Enalapril with Other Drugs

The following are some of the effects of drug interactions that can occur when enalapril is used with other drugs:

  • Increased risk of hypotension, hyperkalemia, and breakdown or ARB class drugs, such as candesartan
  • Increased risk of angioedema when used with sacubitrinol or allopurinol
  • Increased risk of hypoglycemia when used with metformin or insulin
  • Increased risk of hyperkalemia when used with potassium-sparing diuretics or potassium supplements
  • Increased levels and possible toxic effects of lithium
  • Increased risk of kidney damage when used with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Increased risk of a nitritoid reaction which can be characterized by symptoms such as facial flushing, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure when used with gold-based drugs, such as sodium aurothiomalate

Side Effects and Dangers of Enalapril

Some of the side effects that can occur after taking enalapril are:

  • dry cough
  • Dizziness or feeling lightheaded
  • Unusual tired
  • Constipation or diarrhea

Consult your doctor if the side effects above do not subside immediately or are getting worse. You need to see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction to a drug or a more serious side effect, such as:

  • The body feels weak, floats, and feels like passing out
  • Swelling in the face, lips, tongue, throat, feet, hands, or eyes
  • irregular heartbeat, slow heart rate, or palpitations
  • Infrequent urination or very little urine
  • Jaundice, dark urine, severe stomach pain, or loss of appetite
  • Infectious disease that can be characterized by symptoms such as fever, chills, or sore throat

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