Sinovac Vaccine - Benefits, dosage and side effects

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Sinovac Vaccine - Benefits, dosage and side effects
Sinovac Vaccine - Benefits, dosage and side effects
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Sinovac vaccine is a vaccine to prevent infection with the SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19 virus. The Sinovac vaccine, also known as CoronaVac, has received an emergency use permit from the Indonesian Food and Drug Administration (BPOM)

CoronaVac is a vaccine that contains the inactivated SARS-CoV-2 virus. The injection of the Sinovac vaccine will trigger the immune system to recognize this inactivated virus and produce antibodies to fight it so that there is no COVID-19 infection.

Sinovac Vaccine - Alodokter

This vaccine product also contains aluminum hydroxide as an additional ingredient that functions to increase the immune system's response to the vaccine.

Sinovac Vaccine developed by Sinovac Biotech Ltd. This vaccine has passed the third phase of clinical trials conducted in Brazil, Turkey and Indonesia. The third phase of clinical trials in Indonesia showed the vaccine efficacy value, namely the protective effect against COVID-19, of 65.3%.

Sinovac vaccine trademark: CoronaVac

What is Sinovac Vaccine

Class Prescription drugs
Categories Covid-19 Vaccine
Benefits Preventing SARS-CoV-2 virus infection
Used by Adults and children 6 years old
Sinovac vaccine for pregnant and lactating women Sinovac vaccine can be given to pregnant and lactating women. For pregnant women, it can be given starting from 12 weeks of gestation and no later than 33 weeks of gestation.
Medicine form Inject

Warning Before Receiving Sinovac Vaccine

Sinovac vaccine should only be given by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. Before receiving this vaccine, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. Sinovac vaccine should not be given to people who are allergic to the ingredients in this vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you have an illness or are taking medication that causes a weakened immune system. Sinovac vaccine should not be given to people with low immunity.
  • Tell your doctor if you have ever been exposed to COVID-19 or if you have a household member who is undergoing treatment for COVID-19.
  • Tell your doctor if you are experiencing any symptoms of ARI, such as cough, runny nose, or shortness of breath in the last 7 days, receiving treatment for a blood disorder, or undergoing routine blood transfusions.
  • Tell your doctor if you have heart disease, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, gastrointestinal disease, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, cancer, blood disorders, or an autoimmune disease, such as lupus.
  • Tell your doctor if you are on dialysis or have had a kidney transplant.
  • Consult your doctor about using the Sinovac vaccine with your doctor if you have diabetes mellitus, HIV, or lung disease, such as asthma, COPD, or tuberculosis.
  • Sinovac vaccine can be given to pregnant and lactating women. For pregnant women, it can be started at 12 weeks of gestation and no later than 33 weeks, under the supervision of a doctor.
  • Tell your doctor about any medications you are currently taking, including supplements and herbal products.
  • See a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction after you receive the Sinovac vaccine.

Sinovac Vaccine Dosage and Schedule

Sinovac vaccine can be given to people aged 18–59 years who are in good he alth. The vaccine will be given 2 times with a gap of 14 days. The dose in one injection is 0.5 ml.

The administration of Sinovac vaccine for the elderly, namely people aged 60 years and over, is carried out 2 times with a distance of 28 days. The dose of the vaccine in a single injection is 0.5 ml. The use of the Sinovac vaccine for the elderly over 70 years is still in the research stage.

The vaccination will be delayed if you have a fever (body temperature >37, 5 °C) or have a blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg.

Sinovac vaccine can be given to people with controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus with an HbA1C value below 58 mmol/mol or 7.5%.

Sinovac vaccine should not be given to people with HIV who have a CD4 cell count below 200 or whose CD4 cell count is unknown.

The administration of vaccines for people with lung diseases, such as asthma, COPD, or tuberculosis, will be postponed until their condition is controlled. TB patients can be vaccinated if they have been taking antituberculosis drugs for at least 2 weeks.

If you have certain medical conditions other than those listed above, please consult your doctor to determine whether you should be vaccinated.

How to give Sinovac Vaccine

Sinovac vaccine will be given directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. The vaccine will be injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM).

The skin area to be injected with the vaccine must be cleaned with an alcohol swab before and after the injection. Disposable syringes that have been used will be thrown into the safety box without closing the needle again.

This vaccine does not contain preservatives. If any part of the Sinovac single-dose vaccine bottle remains, it must be discarded after the vaccine has been used.

To anticipate the occurrence of serious post-immunization co-occurrence (AEFI), vaccine recipients will be asked to stay at the vaccination service center for 30 minutes after being vaccinated.

Sinovac Vaccine Interaction with Other Drugs

It is not known with certainty the interaction effects that can occur if the Sinovac vaccine is used with other drugs. Immunosuppressant drugs may decrease the effectiveness of vaccination. To be on the safe side, tell your doctor about any medications, supplements, or herbal products you are taking before getting vaccinated.

Side Effects and Dangers of the Sinovac Vaccine

Some of the side effects that can occur after receiving the Sinovac vaccine are:

  • Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
  • Fever
  • Body feels tired
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Consult a doctor if these side effects do not subside or are getting worse. See a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction after receiving the Sinovac vaccine.

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