Glycopyrronium - Benefits, dosage and side effects

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Glycopyrronium - Benefits, dosage and side effects
Glycopyrronium - Benefits, dosage and side effects

Glycopyrronium is a drug to relieve symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the form of coughing, wheezing, or shortness of breath. This medication is used to control and prevent recurrence of symptoms, not to treat sudden attacks of shortness of breath

Glycopyrronium is an anticholinergic bronchodilator. This drug works by blocking the effect of acetylcholine on the muscles of the respiratory tract, so that the airways can be more relaxed and widen. That way the air flow can be smoother and complaints can subside. In Indonesia, glycopyrronium is available in inhaler form.

Glycopyrronium - Alodokter

Trademarks of glycopyrronium: Seebri Breezhaler, Ultibro Breezhaler

What is Glycopyrronium

Class Prescription drugs
Categories Anticholinergic bronchodilators
Benefits Relieve symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Used by Adult
Glycopyrronium for pregnant and lactating women Category N: Not yet categorized. It is not known whether glycopyrronium can be absorbed into breast milk or not. Breastfeeding women are advised to consult a doctor before using this drug.
Medicine form Inhalers

Warning Before Using Glycopyrronium

Before using this medicine, you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • Do not use glycopyrronium if you are allergic to this drug. Tell your doctor about any allergies you have.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or have had glaucoma, difficulty urinating, enlarged prostate, hypertension, intestinal obstruction, myasthenia gravis, constipation, heart disease, heart rhythm disturbances, or kidney disease.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
  • See a doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction to the drug, serious side effects, or an overdose after using

Dosage and Instructions for Use of Glycopyrronium

The usual dose for using glycopyrronium in inhaler form for adults is 1 inhalation per day or the equivalent of 50 micrograms (mcg) of glycopyrronium.

How to Use Glycopyrronium Correctly

Follow the doctor's advice and read the information on the drug packaging label before using glycopyrronium. Do not reduce or increase the dose without consulting your doctor first.

Be careful when using this drug, avoid exposure to glycopyrronium in the eyes, because it can cause eye irritation, blurred vision, or other visual disturbances. In case of accidental contact with eyes, rinse immediately with running water. If visual disturbances occur, immediately see a doctor for treatment.

If you are using another inhaler at the same time, wait at least 1 minute after taking glycopyrronium.Try to use glycopyrronium regularly for maximum treatment results. To help remember, take the medicine at the same time each day.

Do not stop taking glycopyrronium even if you feel well, except on the advice of a doctor. Stopping glycopyrronium may cause symptoms to get worse.

Do not wash the inhaler with water. You can clean the inhaler with a clean, dry cloth.

If you forget to use glycopyrronium, use it immediately if the break with the next scheduled use is not too close. If it's close, ignore it and don't double the dose.

Store glycopyrronium at room temperature and avoid direct sunlight. Keep this medicine out of reach of children.

Interaction of Glycopyrronium with Other Drugs

The following are some drug interactions that can occur when glycopyrronium is used together with other drugs:

  • Increased risk of serious and fatal side effects when used with other anticholinergic drugs, such as ipratropium or tiotropium
  • Increased risk of heart rhythm disturbances when used with halothane gas
  • Increased pressure inside the eyeball (intraocular) when used with corticosteroids
  • Increased risk of hyperthermia when used with zinosamide or topiramate

Side Effects and Dangers of Glycopyrronium

Side effects that can occur after using glycopyrronium are:

  • stomach ache
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Nausea
  • Warmness in the face, neck, or chest (flushing)
  • Joint pain or back pain
  • Dry mouth
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Unusual tired

Consult your doctor if the above side effects don't go away or get worse. You need to see a doctor immediately if you experience an allergic reaction to a drug or a more serious side effect, such as:

  • Sore eyes, dry eyes, red eyes, or blurred vision
  • Pain or difficulty urinating
  • Fever
  • Continuous nausea and vomiting
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Constipation
  • High body temperature or hyperthermia

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