AstraZeneca Vaccine - Efficacy, dosage and side effects

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AstraZeneca Vaccine - Efficacy, dosage and side effects
AstraZeneca Vaccine - Efficacy, dosage and side effects

AstraZeneca vaccine or AZD1222 is a vaccine to prevent COVID-19 disease. This vaccine is the result of a collaboration between the University of Oxford and AstraZeneca which was developed since February 2020

AstraZeneca's vaccine for COVID-19 is undergoing clinical trials in the UK, Brazil and South Africa. This vaccine has an efficacy value (protective effect against COVID-19) of 63.09%.

AstraZeneca Vaccine - Alodokter

AstraZeneca vaccine is derived from a genetically modified virus (viral vector). This vaccine works by stimulating or triggering the body to form antibodies that can fight infection with the SARS-Cov-2 virus.

AstraZeneca vaccine trademark: -

What is AstraZeneca Vaccine

Class Prescription drugs
Categories Covid-19 Vaccine
Benefits Preventing COVID-19 or SARS-Cov-2 virus infection
Used by Adults over 18 years old
AstraZeneca vaccine for pregnant and lactating women Category N: Not yet categorized. It is not known whether the AstraZeneca vaccine is absorbed into breast milk or not. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.
Medicine form Inject

Warning Before Receiving AstraZeneca Vaccine

There are several things you should pay attention to before receiving the AstraZeneca vaccine, including:

  • Tell your doctor about any allergies you have. The AstraZeneca vaccine should not be used in patients who are allergic to this vaccine or to any of the ingredients in it.
  • AstraZeneca vaccine is intended for he althy adults over the age of 18. The effectiveness and safety of this vaccine is not yet known for children under 18 years of age.
  • Astrazeneca vaccine is not recommended to be given to people who have a fever with a temperature above 38°C, suffer from COVID-19, or suffer from a serious infectious disease.
  • Tell your doctor if you have previously had COVID-19 or have had convalent plasma therapy.
  • Tell your doctor if you have easy bruising or bleeding gums, which are signs of a blood clotting disorder, or if you are taking blood thinners.
  • Tell your doctor if you have HIV/AIDS, have a weakened immune system, or are on treatment with immunosuppressant drugs.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy. The effectiveness and safety of giving this vaccine is not yet known in these conditions.
  • Consult the use of the AstraZeneca vaccine if you have obesity, heart and blood vessel disease, lung and respiratory disease, or diabetes.
  • The effectiveness and safety of the AstraZeneca vaccine is not yet known in people with autoimmune diseases. Consult a doctor if you suffer from this condition.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking any medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • See your doctor immediately if you have an allergic reaction after you receive the AstraZeneca vaccine.

AstraZeneca Vaccine Dosage and Schedule

AstraZeneca vaccine will be given directly by the doctor. The dose in a single injection is 0.5 ml. Vaccine injection is done 2 times with a distance of 4-12 weeks. This vaccine will be injected into the muscle (intramuscular/IM).

If you have previously been exposed to COVID-19, the AstraZeneca vaccine can be given at least 6 months after you recover. If you have recently received convalescent plasma therapy, vaccination should be delayed until at least 90 days after therapy.

How to Give AstraZeneca Vaccine

AstraZeneca vaccine will be administered directly by a doctor or medical officer under the supervision of a doctor. Before undergoing vaccination, medical staff will conduct a screening to ensure your he alth condition. If you have a fever, the vaccination will be postponed until you recover.

The skin area to be injected with the vaccine will be cleaned with an alcohol swab before and after the injection. Disposable syringes that have been used will be thrown into the safety box without closing the needle again.

To anticipate the occurrence of serious AEFI (post-immunization co-occurrence), AstraZeneca vaccine recipients will be asked to stay at the vaccination service center for 30 minutes after being vaccinated.

AEFI is a medical complaint or condition that can occur after vaccination, including side effects and allergic reactions to vaccines.

Even though you have received the vaccine, you still have to comply with the he alth protocols to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, namely by washing your hands, keeping your distance from other people, wearing a mask when outside the house, and avoiding crowds.

AstraZeneca Vaccine Interaction with Other Drugs

It is not known with certainty the interaction effect of AstraZeneca vaccine when used together with certain drugs, supplements, or herbal products. To be safe, tell your doctor before vaccination if you are taking any medications, supplements or herbal products.

AstraZeneca Vaccine Side Effects and Hazards

Some of the side effects that can occur after receiving the AstraZeneca vaccine are:

  • Pain, warmth, itching, or bruising at the injection site
  • Headache
  • Not feeling well
  • Body feels tired
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Shiver
  • flu symptoms

Do an examination to the doctor if the complaint does not go away or gets worse. Immediately see a doctor if you experience an allergic reaction after vaccination.

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