Table of contents:
- Types and Content of Microgynon
- What is Microgynon
- Warning Before Consuming Microgynon
- Dosage and Instructions for Use of Microgynon
- How to Consume Microgynon Correctly
- Microgynon Interactions with Other Drugs
- Side Effects and Dangers of Microgynon
Microgynon is a hormonal contraceptive that is useful for preventing pregnancy. Microgynon contains ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel which have functions similar to the body's 2 natural hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone
Microgynon works by preventing the egg (ovum) from being released by the ovaries (ovaries), and making the fluid secreted by the cervix (cervix) thicker, making it harder for sperm to enter the uterus. This medicine also prevents the thickening of the lining of the uterus so that a fertilized egg cannot grow.
Some types of hormonal contraceptives can also sometimes be used to treat menstrual cycle disorders or menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea). Microgynon is available in pill form which should only be used with a doctor's prescription.
Types and Content of Microgynon
In 1 box of Microgynon there is 1 blister containing 28 pills with 21 pills containing the active ingredient, and 7 empty pills, namely placebo pills or no hormones. In 1 pill with the active ingredients contained 0.15 mg of levonorgestrel and 0.03 mg of ethinylestradiol.
What is Microgynon
|Categories||birth control pills|
|Microgynon for pregnant and lactating women||Category X: Studies in experimental animals and humans have shown fetal abnormalities or a risk to the fetus.
Drugs in this category should not be used by women who are or may become pregnant.
Levonorgestrel and ethinylestradiol can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medication without telling your doctor.
Warning Before Consuming Microgynon
Microgynon should only be used according to a doctor's prescription. Here are some things you need to pay attention to before using Microgynon:
- Do not take microgynon if you are allergic to levonorgestrel or ethinylestradiol. Tell your doctor about your history of allergies.
- Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, migraines, heart disease, liver disease, breast cancer, stroke, heart attack, vaginal bleeding outside of your menstrual cycle, deep vein thrombosis (DVT)), varicose veins, or blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia.
- Tell your doctor if you have porphyria, obesity, liver cancer, gallbladder disease, or arrhythmias.
- Tell your doctor if you smoke or have recently had surgery that has decreased your ability to move around.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy. This medicine should not be used if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
- Consult a doctor if you don't experience menstruation even though you have used 1-2 blisters of medicine.
- Avoid exposure to the sun or UV rays for too long while taking Microgynon, to prevent the appearance of brown patches on the skin (chloasma).
- Don't drink alcohol and eat grapefruit while using Microgynon.
- See your doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction, overdose, or serious side effect, after taking Microgynon.
Dosage and Instructions for Use of Microgynon
The usual dosage for Microgynon is 1 pill per day, for 28 days.
How to Consume Microgynon Correctly
Follow the doctor's advice and read the information on the Microgynon package before starting to take it. Microgynon can be taken before or after meals.
There are 21 active pills and 7 empty pills in 1 blister. Microgynon users need to take this drug 1 time a day for up to 28 days, according to the directions for using the drug written on the blister.
Empty pills are taken during menstruation. Take the pill on the next blister if all the pills on the previous blister have been used up. Do not use medicine when it has expired.
If you forget to take your medicine, take it immediately if the delay is less than 12 hours from the scheduled dose. If it is close, ignore the dose and do not double the next dose of the drug. If you forget to take your medicine more than once, contact your doctor.
Store Microgynon in a dry and not damp place. Keep the medicine away from direct sunlight and keep the medicine out of reach of children.
Microgynon Interactions with Other Drugs
Microgynon can cause drug interactions if used with certain drugs. Drug interactions that can occur are:
- Increased risk of side effects from Microgynon when used with nelfinavir or ritonavir
- Increased risk of side effects and risk of blood clots when used with tranexamic acid, heparin, or warfarin
- Increased levels of carbamazepine in the body
- Decreased effectiveness of Microgynon when used with ampicillin, griseofulvin, nafcillin, nevirapine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin, or tetracycline
- Reduced levels of lamotrigine in the blood
Side Effects and Dangers of Microgynon
Side effects that can arise due to the use of drugs containing ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel include:
- Stomach bloating or stomach ache
- Mood changes
- Irregular menstruation
- Bleeding spots before menstrual period (spotting)
- Breast feels sore or painful
The side effects above will usually improve after 2-3 months of using the drug. Contact your doctor if the above side effects interfere with your daily life or persist.
In addition, immediately see a doctor if an allergic reaction occurs to the drug which can be characterized by symptoms such as a rash on the skin, difficulty breathing, swelling of the lips or eyelids.